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Contrasting Colonial And Indigenous Use Of Natural Resources In Australia

1224 words - 5 pages

Indigenous Australians are believed to have arrived onto Australian mainlands across the sea of from Maritime, Southeast Asia 40,000 –70,000 years ago. In 1606 was the first known landing within Australia by Europeans by a Dutch navigator named Willem Janszoon. During the 17th century other Dutch navigators explored the western and southern coasts of Australia, numerous European explorers followed, however, in 1770 Lieutenant James Cook explored the East Coast of Australia representing Britain returning with accounts favouring colonisation at Botany Bay, New South Wales. Seventeen years after Cook’s touchdown on the east coast of Australia, the British government decided to establish a colony at Botany Bay.
Indigenous language contained a lot of spiritual words and beliefs, the ‘Dreamtime’ or ‘dreaming’ is their connection to the land and Earth. (Jens Korff, 2014)

“My culture is my identity.
Dreamtime stories tell the life of my people.
Growing older.
Hearing stories of my ancestors living off the land
Becoming one with the creatures
Even though I haven't met them
I feel this unbreakable connection
Through the stories I have heard.
The stories that have been passed down through generations.
These stories are living through us.
Without our culture we have no identity
And without our identity
We have nothing.” (Jens Korff, 2014)
The dreaming creates the structures of society, the rules of social behaviour and the rituals performed to ensure continuity of life and land. The Indigenous Australians believe that before animals, plants and humans become, their ‘souls’ had existed. It is believed within Indigenous culture life had begun both before and after on had entered this world, ‘it is believed that this spirit-child exists in the Dreaming and is only initiated into life by being born through a mother.’ (Wikipedia, 2014)
Australian animals and plants have adapted to the harsh Australian environment. Australia has become a home to unique species that are found nowhere else in the world. When the Europeans colonized Australia 200 years ago, they had brought some of these with them. (, 2014) Onwards of the Europeans settlement those of the natural plants and animals had to compete and fight with the introduced species for habitat, shelter and food. (, 2014) A few of the animals introduced by the Europeans included, the feral pig, introduced in 1788 for the purpose of domestic livestock. Feral cat, introduced in 1838 to be used to keep rats out of the fields and kept as pets. European rabbit, introduced in 1854 for the sake of recreational hunting and the red fox, introduced in 1855, again for the sake of recreational hunting. (Wikipedia, 2014) The Europeans are not the only ones who have introduced species, Indigenous Australians are suspected to have brought the Dingo with them roughly 4,000 years ago. (, 2014)) Ever since the colonization within Australia not...

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