Contribution of Psychology and Social Psychology to the Study of Health and Welfare Issues
In this assignment I will be comparing and contrasting two
approaches demonstrating their relevance to understanding a health
The issue that I will be applying the two psychological approaches to
The psycho dynamic approach denotes the active forces within the
personality that motivate behaviour, and the inner causes of
particular the unconscious conflict between the different structures
compose the whole personality.
There are a lot of factors that contribute to why people behave in a
way and why people do things that has an adverse affect on health.
Anxiety is a state of apprehension, tension and worry this is
the Freudian theory. Freud believes that anxiety arises when the ego
is the executive of the personality is faced with an influx of stimuli
which it cannot cope. People use a number of techniques to help cope
anxiety and stress one of these is smoking. People use smoking as a
coping with anxiety due to the rush of nicotine which gets released in
brain which can give a quick sensation of pleasure and helps calm the
down. With the quick sensation of pleasure from the cigarette the
craves more nicotine; smoking is used as a stimulant and a depressant
smokers do say that smoking helps them relax. Smoking can be seen as
defence mechanism because people smoke to deal with everyday problems
such as anxiety or stress. Repression can be regarded as the primary,
mechanism of defence that protects an individual against anxiety.
conflicts are accompanied by anxiety and result from interactions
the different personality structures named the ego, the id and the
ego. The id is concerned with the gratification of basic biological
and the pleasure principle, the ego is manifested as consciousness and
reality principle. The super ego constituted moral conscience and
striving. The development of an individuals personality structures
arises as a
result of a maturational process from birth to adulthood.
A lot of people do not realise what smoking is actually doing to their
and most smokers are living in denial which is a defence mechanism
use to block out the unpleasant reality of smoking which exists. The
does know that smoking cigarettes causes cancer and if the smoker
stop they could die of cancer or another disease associated with
such as heart disease. For example the symptoms of lung cancer are the
coughing up of blood,...