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Contribution Of Psychology And Social Psychology To The Study Of Health And Welfare Issues

2064 words - 8 pages

Contribution of Psychology and Social Psychology to the Study of Health and Welfare Issues

In this assignment I will be comparing and contrasting two

approaches demonstrating their relevance to understanding a health

The issue that I will be applying the two psychological approaches to


The psycho dynamic approach denotes the active forces within the

personality that motivate behaviour, and the inner causes of
behaviour, in

particular the unconscious conflict between the different structures

compose the whole personality.

There are a lot of factors that contribute to why people behave in a

way and why people do things that has an adverse affect on health.

Anxiety is a state of apprehension, tension and worry this is
associated with

the Freudian theory. Freud believes that anxiety arises when the ego

is the executive of the personality is faced with an influx of stimuli

which it cannot cope. People use a number of techniques to help cope

anxiety and stress one of these is smoking. People use smoking as a
way of

coping with anxiety due to the rush of nicotine which gets released in

brain which can give a quick sensation of pleasure and helps calm the

down. With the quick sensation of pleasure from the cigarette the

craves more nicotine; smoking is used as a stimulant and a depressant

smokers do say that smoking helps them relax. Smoking can be seen as

defence mechanism because people smoke to deal with everyday problems

such as anxiety or stress. Repression can be regarded as the primary,

mechanism of defence that protects an individual against anxiety.

conflicts are accompanied by anxiety and result from interactions

the different personality structures named the ego, the id and the

ego. The id is concerned with the gratification of basic biological

and the pleasure principle, the ego is manifested as consciousness and

reality principle. The super ego constituted moral conscience and

striving. The development of an individuals personality structures
arises as a

result of a maturational process from birth to adulthood.

A lot of people do not realise what smoking is actually doing to their

and most smokers are living in denial which is a defence mechanism

use to block out the unpleasant reality of smoking which exists. The

does know that smoking cigarettes causes cancer and if the smoker

stop they could die of cancer or another disease associated with

such as heart disease. For example the symptoms of lung cancer are the

coughing up of blood,...

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