This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Contribution Of Psychology And Social Psychology To The Study Of Health And Welfare Issues

2064 words - 8 pages

Contribution of Psychology and Social Psychology to the Study of Health and Welfare Issues

In this assignment I will be comparing and contrasting two
psychological

approaches demonstrating their relevance to understanding a health
issue.

The issue that I will be applying the two psychological approaches to
is

Smoking.

The psycho dynamic approach denotes the active forces within the

personality that motivate behaviour, and the inner causes of
behaviour, in

particular the unconscious conflict between the different structures
that

compose the whole personality.

There are a lot of factors that contribute to why people behave in a
certain

way and why people do things that has an adverse affect on health.

Anxiety is a state of apprehension, tension and worry this is
associated with

the Freudian theory. Freud believes that anxiety arises when the ego
which

is the executive of the personality is faced with an influx of stimuli
with

which it cannot cope. People use a number of techniques to help cope
with

anxiety and stress one of these is smoking. People use smoking as a
way of

coping with anxiety due to the rush of nicotine which gets released in
the

brain which can give a quick sensation of pleasure and helps calm the
smoker

down. With the quick sensation of pleasure from the cigarette the
brain

craves more nicotine; smoking is used as a stimulant and a depressant
some

smokers do say that smoking helps them relax. Smoking can be seen as

defence mechanism because people smoke to deal with everyday problems

such as anxiety or stress. Repression can be regarded as the primary,
initial

mechanism of defence that protects an individual against anxiety.
These

conflicts are accompanied by anxiety and result from interactions
between

the different personality structures named the ego, the id and the
super

ego. The id is concerned with the gratification of basic biological
instincts

and the pleasure principle, the ego is manifested as consciousness and
the

reality principle. The super ego constituted moral conscience and
idealistic

striving. The development of an individuals personality structures
arises as a

result of a maturational process from birth to adulthood.

A lot of people do not realise what smoking is actually doing to their
health

and most smokers are living in denial which is a defence mechanism
people

use to block out the unpleasant reality of smoking which exists. The
smoker

does know that smoking cigarettes causes cancer and if the smoker
doesn’t

stop they could die of cancer or another disease associated with
smoking

such as heart disease. For example the symptoms of lung cancer are the

coughing up of blood,...

Find Another Essay On Contribution of Psychology and Social Psychology to the Study of Health and Welfare Issues

Critically compare and contrast the community psychology and public health approaches to social problems

876 words - 4 pages the Public Health Approach are involved in creating settings for community involvement and the study of social support and manners in which to enhance this support. All change, regardless where it came from, the individual or collective, stems from discontent or dissatisfaction with the status quo. The 1940s through the 1960s gave rise to Community Health Psychology and The Public Health Psychology. Both these movements, main concern are

Psychology and Health Problems Essay

1098 words - 4 pages Multi-factorial model is that there are many factors such as biological, psychological and cultural that cause health and illness. Biological factors are things like a person's age, family history, gender and ethnicity. Social-cultural facts such as access to health care, social economic status and family circumstance. Environmental factors such as water quality, natural disasters, pollution, and types of living and work environments. Behaviors

The Need to Promote Health Psychology as a Social Phenomenom

751 words - 4 pages In Health Psychology from the last decade, advances the decentralization of care provided by the NHS - National Health System and the need to promote health and to think the health-disease process as a social phenomenon. Thus, the concerns that led the investigation that is now present are rooted in social reality, from Social representations of the psychologist in the public health services. Hence the importance of reflecting on the imagery

Positive Psychology Influencing: The onset of a Positive Lifestyle and Positive Health

1472 words - 6 pages creating a positive lifestyle and achieving positive health. The Influences of the Mind on the Body and The Benefits of a Positive Mental State The effect that the mind on the body in terms of a negative psychology has already been well documented, with the Mental Health Organisation of the United Kingdom has found that Depression has been linked to a 67% increased risk of death from heart disease and a 50% increased risk of death from cancer, while

Psychology and Health: Multi factorial Model

1342 words - 5 pages factors including things such as family size and access to health care. Understanding these different factors about a person like their genetic make-up and environmental issues can be a great tool in early diagnosis of and understanding risk factors of many diseases like cancer and heart disease. Understanding these issues/factors can also help the medical professionals not only in diagnostics but in treatment and to recommend necessary changes in

Psychology; Stress and it's Impact on Health

608 words - 2 pages Stress seems to be a common word in today's society, and the fact is we are under more stress today than we were just a few years ago, and this stress we are under can lead to serious health problems.Stress is defined as: the non-specific response of the body, to any demand made on it. From this definition we can see that we are always in some sort of stress, eustress is stress that is beneficial to us, such as moderate exercise. Eustress is not

Media Influences And Other Selected Issues In Adolescent Psychology Texts

1952 words - 8 pages development appears to be important in that such an analysis might be the only source of systematic scientific information available to parents, educators, and others interested in understanding the transition from adolescence to adulthood and promoting young people's personal and social growth. A cursory review of the content of adolescent psychology journals indicates comprehensive coverage of issues identified traditionally with adolescence (e.g

Issues in Psychological Psychology

900 words - 4 pages security (Hogan, 2007). Three ethical issues associated with psychology testing are maintaining confidentiality, guarding test security, and informed consent.Maintaining confidentiality means that the psychologist must handle test results as private material (Hogan, 2007). Test results must only be made to an additional licensed/skilled specialist and with the agreement of the person who took the test. The psychologist is not allowed to speak of

Social Psychology and the perspectives of family

2245 words - 9 pages , which have played apart in this 'transition of the family', some of which have been more prominent than others. These changes have included such prominent aspects of our time like, the women's rights movement and have also included more subtle aspects like sex education.In the past Women did not have as much social influence or legal power. Western society was based legally on a patriarchal power structure. Women had to marry for there own

Social Psychology: The Study of Influences

1631 words - 7 pages psychology), Social psychology attempts to explain the environmental factors that lead to a person behavior. By definition, Social Psychology is “the study of the manner in which the personality, attitudes, motivations, and behavior of the individual influence and are influenced by social groups” (Merriam-Webster, 2013).This school of psychology first explores components that effect emotions, thoughts, beliefs, intentions, and goals, then explores how

Birth of social Psychology It discusses the process of the birth of the social Psychology and its links to other areas and some authors' theories

1986 words - 8 pages actions arising from the masses as their needs and passions. Many issues related to social psychology are in the works of the early bourgeois thinkers. Despite this, we can not consider them the founders of social psychology as a scientific discipline independent. Unthinkable, too, credited to the creation of the subjective idealist social psychology, as they had as a reality only the subjective world of the person. And the idealistic goals

Similar Essays

Poe's Contribution To The Psychology Of The Monster

2063 words - 9 pages Poe’s Contribution to the Psychology of the Monster Poe’s contribution to the psychology of the monster is ego, he give his monster’s huge egos. His monster are not frightening looking things that come for you in the dark they are people who are intelligent, thoughtful and full of themselves, which is much scarier. In the end the monsters grandiose vision of themselves would cause them to reveal their true self, MONSTERS. I will concentrate on

Discuss The Contribution Of Different Approaches To Psychology For The Development Of Modern Psychology

1403 words - 6 pages to train animals (example: dogs). Social learning is used in our day-to-day lives. Biological approach likewise is massively used in modern psychology. It’s the study of psychology in term of bodily mechanisms. Plato and Aristotle are two key persons who explained the theory between mind and body. As per Plato mind and body are connected but located in two different places. He mentioned the mind was superior in a human body. Meantime, Aristotle

Abraham Maslow: Founder Of Humanistic Psychology And His Contribution To Early Child Education

723 words - 3 pages ). Next, he began teaching at Brooklyn College, where he met people like Adler, Horney, Fromm, Gestalt, and many Freudian psychologists (Boeree, 2011). Finally, he transferred to Brandeis University where he served as the chair of the psychology department and began his campaign for humanistic psychology (Boeree, 2011). As his life progressed, he spent his retirement in California. On June 8, 1970, he died of a heart attack after many years of

Cognitive Contribution To Psychology Essay

1597 words - 6 pages A Cognitive ContributionTo PsychologyThe cognitive study of psychology is a viewpoint based on the function of the mind and how it relates to the behavior of an individual. Thus the core of the cognitive study is of mental processes called mediational processes. These mediational processes are defined as processes or events with in an individual that comes between the stimulus and the response. The internal focus of this approach emphasizes