It is believed that certain foods we eat cause allergic reactions, and the consumption of milk and eggs is believed to be a few of the most common food triggers in people with eczema. According to current research, cow’s milk allergy (CMA) is the most common food allergy in infants and young children, affecting 2% to 3% of the general population.1 Most children grow out of their allergy by the age of three, but for those that do not, eliminating milk and eggs from an adult diet can be very difficult. Currently, we are aware that the immunity of the digestive tract recognizes certain proteins as a foreign invader, causing an allergic reaction. Unfortunately, we do not yet fully understand the mechanism of why some food proteins are an allergic trigger in certain individuals, and why other types of foods do not elicit an allergic response in others. Because of this, the relationship between dairy products and eczema is still under debate. The purpose of this paper is to prove that eliminating hen’s eggs and cow’s milk from the diet may help to control and prevent flare-ups of eczema in individuals with eczematic hypersensitivities to these foods.
The source of food allergies stems from a hypersensitivity of the body’s immune system. In some people, their immune system identifies certain milk and egg proteins as harmful, triggering the production of IgE antibodies to neutralize the protein. These IgE antibodies signal the immune system to release histamine and other chemical mediators, which causes a variety of allergic symptoms. Histamine is responsible for many allergic responses, including rashes and hives. Atopic skin inflammations, with highly pruritic eczematous manifestations, are common problems: 5-15% of children are affected, 60% of which continue to have symptoms after puberty, and nearly 80% are at risk for developing respiratory allergies, including allergic rhinitis and asthma.2 Although eczema is not a life-threatening condition, troubles such as passing up social activities, interrupted sleep due to nighttime itching, and disturbed interpersonal relations are all common issues that have a large impact on the quality of life of a person that has eczema.
Current Evidence Supporting the Issue
A study was performed to observe the role of food allergy in atopic eczema. 59 children between the ages of two and fourteen suffering from severe and chronic eczema were chosen to participate. All participants were put on a diet eliminating milk and eggs for a four-week period. After the trial, an improvement was observed in forty (80%) of the participants. In conclusion, data confirmed that allergy to hen’s eggs and cow’s milk played an important role in atopic eczema.3
In children with AD (atopic dermatitis), food allergens (e. g., milk) have been found to be a well-defined trigger for eczema.4 A study was conducted to determine whether there was a relationship between the tissue specificity of a clinical...