This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Controling Infectious And Contagious Diseases Essay

1109 words - 4 pages

The original inception of the public health discipline/field was to control infectious and contagious diseases within the population. Starting with Dr. John Snow in the late 1800s and moving forward, the control and/or eradication of disease has been a chief concern using primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention (UCLA, 2013). Large-scale projects such as widespread water fluoridation and the eradication of smallpox are chapters in the history of public health. Recently however, there has been a significant shift from the scope of contagious disease to lifestyle or behavioral (including mental) diseases.
Lifestyle/behavioral diseases such as COPD, heart disease, cancer, mental illness, etc. have become more prevalent in the wake of decreases in contagious diseases (McKenzie & Pinger, 2012). While some aspects have been present (i.e. violence, cancer, etc.) for some time, the limited resources of public health programs once geared towards communicable disease are now able to address them as prior disease are controlled through technology. In addition to a resource shift, there has been a larger swath of lifestyle diseases tied to environmental issues such as air quality, water quality, and exposure to various pathogens/carcinogens (Moeller, 2011).
Medical as well as public health resources become scarcer and more limited as the population grows and ages. This means that widespread education and prevention of lifestyle/behavioral disease in the individual has become a significant public health issue. This is doubly so as these lifestyle diseases enter what the World Health Organization (WHO) has called epidemic proportions (World Health Organization [WHO], 2014). Public health officials and professionals, once using vaccinations and quarantines are now using education, advocacy, and community organizing to treat obesity (both childhood and adult), smoking, drinking, domestic violence, and other factors of these lifestyle diseases.
There has been some question, especially in the light of personal responsibility and behavioral disease, on whether the government should involve itself in this aspect of public health. Regarding the widespread and infections nature of diseases such as polio, smallpox, etc. there was always the understanding that the government (at all levels) was acting in the best interests of society to control and prevent disease (McKenzie & Pinger, 2012). With lifestyle/behavioral diseases, there is a question on how much the individual affects the community and how much their individual health choices such as diet or exercise affect the overall health of the community. Looking at the evidence, especially in the post Affordable Care Act (ACA) United States, that public cost control as well as access and delivery to limited health care resources have long been center to the discussion. This concern for distributing finite (Center for Bioethics, 1997) within the population is further evidence that public health...

Find Another Essay On Controling Infectious and Contagious Diseases

Antimicrobial Resistance, Resistant Nosocomial Pathogens and Molecular Diagnosis of Emerging Infectious Diseases

1950 words - 8 pages Microorganisms form part of our normal flora, however they can become pathogens where their main role is to survive and multiply, often at the expense of the host. Pathogens cause infectious diseases depending on their virulence; this was first realised when Louis Pasteur discovered microbes contaminated wine, causing it to go sour. He wondered how microbes affected humans; however it was Robert Koch that linked the contamination of microbes to

The Importance of Science and Technology in the Fight Against Infectious Diseases in the Late 19th Century

1406 words - 6 pages The Importance of Science and Technology in the Fight Against Infectious Diseases in the Late 19th Century Infectious disease had posed problems for many people for centuries. The developed knowledge of anatomy and the working of the human body led to more and more understanding of what caused illness and diseases. Many scientists and doctors searched for cures and treatments and from the 18th century onwards there were

PART 1 INFECTIOUS DISEASEs – Tinea pedis. Part 2 problems relating to antibiotic resistance PART 3 cataracts and cataract surgery. Part 4 cochlear implants

1970 words - 8 pages Al Faisal CollegeH.S.C ASSESSMENT TASK NOTICE 4Faculty: ScienceCourse: BiologyTask number: 4Weighting: 25%.Task description: Research taskComponent / mode: 9.4 The Search For Better Health Option CommunicationNAME: RABEH SALMAPART 1 INFECTIOUS DISEASEs - Tinea pedis.CauseBetween the toes the environment is rather moist, warm and poorly ventilated, this consequently results in the optimum requirements for the fungi to live and reproduce (Tinea

Blood-Borne and Infectious Diseases: Hepatitis C

3169 words - 13 pages prevent further transmission. Mariah did not fully understand the extent of her 'risky behaviour' due to a lack of education about infection control.Infection control is the process of minimising the risks of developing an infectious disease. To prevent exposure to hepatitis C, individuals should be aware and follow the guidelines of 'standard precautions'. Standard precautions are the practice where all blood and body fluids should be treated as

infectious disease

605 words - 2 pages One’s immune system by itself cannot prevent emerging illnesses, but infectious disease pharmacists can aid everyone with the constant battle of health and well-being. Infectious diseases pose a threat that shouldn’t be taken lightly. A mere cough or sneeze could be one’s death determining factor. The pharmacists countering infections create the basis for preventing the spread of disease throughout the entire world. Everyday, they make crucial

Pink Eye

524 words - 2 pages When Becky brought her two small children to the battered women's shelter, she never thought that she would be putting her children at risk of contagious airborne diseases. It was her first night there, when Casey walked in with her four month old and three year old sons carelessly stating that her four month old had just been diagnosed with pinkeye as she handed the baby to another resident, Michelle, to hold until she signed in. Casey was

Mononucleosis

650 words - 3 pages submicroscopic viruses to wormlike parasites. When a person has an infectious disease like mono the organism gains access to the patients body, survives, and then multiples. Next, the patient gets the symptoms. Then the patient may die or recover spontaneously, or the infection may respond to specific therapy. Often there is an immunity. Infectious diseases have strongly influenced the course of history on Earth. The organisms responsible for human

An essay on Smallpox

812 words - 3 pages Smallpox.Smallpox is an infectious disease. Smallpox is an acute contagious disease caused by Variola virus, it is a member of the orthopoxvirus family. It was one of the world's most feared diseases until it was eradicated by a collaborative global vaccination programme led by the World Health Organization. (www.who.int/emc/diseases/smallpox/)Although there has been no recent accounts of it that doesn't mean that is not important. Smallpox is

Diseases In 19th Century America

994 words - 4 pages The average American was susceptible to many infectious diseases during the 1800's. Because the spread of disease and pathology itself were not adequately understood until the late 1800's(major epidemics continued to occur into the 1900's, however), and the practice of medicine was relatively primitive, the average life expectancy was very low. Many epidemics occurred in the new and thriving industrial centers of America, where rapid

iNFECTIOUS DISEASES

780 words - 4 pages I. Background of the issue. A. Main elements of the problem and history of the issue. There are infectious diseases in every nation across the world. The diseases are worse in more areas than some, but they are still there. From the Black Death plague that swept the European countries in the 14th century, to common diseases like colds, and chicken pox. In addition, these developing countries do not have access to hospitals and medicine

Animal Health

1452 words - 6 pages lives in the hair follicles (Demodex canis) can be transmitted from mother to puppy whilst nursing (PetMD) Diseases in Domestic Cattle (Bos Tauris) Bovine Tuberculosis This infectious disease is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) (BVA, 2013). The transmission of this contagious disease is through contact with and infected human or animal (usually through inhalation of particles expelled through coughing). It can also be

Similar Essays

Natural Disasters And Infectious Diseases Essay

762 words - 4 pages The focus of this paper will revolve around the areas of NATURAL DISASTERS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES and how they affect multilateralism in the Asia-Pacific region. Multilateralism as a whole in this region has been quite unique in its aspects, specifically within the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). This is because although states are willing and interested in part to send aid and relief products to other member states in times of

Infectious Diseases And Antibiotic Resistance Essay

2337 words - 9 pages © Sajad Bahram Yr 12: H.S.C Biology Assessment task 4 AL FAISAL COLLEGEH.S.C BIOLOGYASSESSMENT TASK 4RESEARCH TASKDUE DATE: Wednesday 2ND July 2008 Term 2 Week 10OUTCOMES ASSESSED: H3 H4 H8 H11 H12 H13 H14 H15 H16WEIGHTING: 25%CONTENTSPART 1: INFECTIOUS DISEASES p 2-3PART 2: PROBLEMS RELATING TO ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE p 4PART 3: CATARACTS AND CATARACT SURGERY p 5PART 4: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS p 6BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCE p 7-8PART 1: INFECTIOUS

Smallpox Is A Serious, Contagious, And Sometimes Fatal Infectious Disease

513 words - 3 pages The DiseaseSmallpox is a serious, contagious, and sometimes fatal infectious disease. There is no specific treatment for smallpox disease, and the only prevention is vaccination. The name smallpox is derived from the Latin word for "spotted" and refers to the raised bumps that appear on the face and body of an infected person.There are two clinical forms of smallpox. Variola major is the severe and most common form of smallpox, with a more

Role Of Metabolites In Diagnosing Chronic And Infectious Diseases And The Efficacy Of Therapeutic Interventions

684 words - 3 pages These scenarios share the critical need to develop noninvasive, low cost techniques that can help make critical decisions that impact everything from health, quality of life, costs, and public health policy. There has been recent interest in understanding the role that metabolites may play in diagnosing chronic and infectious diseases and the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Since the metabolites represent the current state of the