Controlling The Intellectual Property Of Medicine And Drugs Through The Power Of Patenting

2157 words - 9 pages

Controlling the Intellectual Property of Medicine and Drugs Through the Power of Patenting

Remember when you were a child and you went over to play at your
friend's house? When you were in his or her room and you saw that
perfect Barbie doll outfit; that perfect little toy car that you've
always wanted ever since you were five but your mother couldn't afford
it. The toy that you felt you desperately needed. Remember the urge
that you underwent? To just pinch it off the shelf and hide it in your
backpack, knowing that he or she would never miss it anyway, as they
had never even used it? Then, remember the conscience that stopped you
in your mother's voice, telling you it was wrong and you weren't
allowed? This exact situation of emotions in adult life is
experienced, except that the states of affairs are more serious.
Information that people want or need is not available to the public,
and instead of your mother's voice telling you the consequences, you
have the law doing so. This is due to the issue of patents. Patents
are intellectual properties that protect inventions. In fact, the U.S
Constitution Article 1 actually described this clause as the
following: "The Congress shall have power ... To promote the progress
of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors
and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and
discoveries"1. The first official patent was established on July 31st,
1790.

There are several categories in which patents for inventions are
classified. A specifically important means of patenting is the
copyrighting of the advance in medicine and drugs. Medicine is the
science and art of healing. 2It is a science because of its
reliability on factual knowledge and is explored through cautious
investigation and experimentation, but it is also an art because it
requires tremendous skill of application of this knowledge to practice
with casualties. Without the help of medical researchers, doctors
would be nowhere. Without the investigation to find that prevention or
cure, that potentially fatal illness could affect millions.
Fortunately, to this day, scientists in the medical profession
persistently search for improvements in the methods of fighting
disease. However, the Medicine World is not that simple. Scientists
and Companies that research these specific drugs for the world are
slightly protective about their inventions. This means that patents
are issued for their developments, and it is not possible for anyone
to further investigate on their subject or invention of research but
them, as "authors and inventors have the exclusive right to their
respective writings and discoveries". This matter presents a
controversial issue around the globe, about the patenting of medicine
and drugs. There are several views and opinions on the...

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