Australia has one of the most successful health systems in the world. General practitioners are the central role of the flourishing health system and impact greatly on it as GPs lead primary health care system which is very imperative for the health of communities and keeps people well-being. Nowadays a controversial issue of a co-payment of $5 to see a GP is proposed by Tony Abbot Government. The government is considering rescinding bulk billing and requiring most Australians to pay $5 co-payment every time they visit a GP in order to save the budget. It is an indication of the end of the bulk billing Medicare system. The co-payment was first introduced by the Hawke government in the 1990s but rejected in a state of alteration. It was a subject prolific of controversy as the proposal might weaken the universality of Medicare (Maiden, S. 2013). Australian concerns about the side effects of the new proposal such as cost, family budget, policy, political debates, appropriate use of health care services and health outcomes. In this essay, current situation of the Australian health care system, effect to Australian nation, function of general practice in relation to primary health care, overview of the proposal of co-payment will be firstly addressed. Then arguments in terms of economic and equity will be discussed by addressing the potential detrimental effect, those, are predicted by $5 GP co-payment. Some evident issues that may arise entire Australian nation and health care system in Australia are followed to support that $5 co-payment is not the best proposal for Australian Health.
Current situation of the Australian health care system and Effect to Australian nation
The Australian health care system is summarised as a complex of public and private services underpinned financially by three core pillars. The national compulsory health insurance scheme Medicare, the subsidised Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and Publically subsidised private health insurance are parts of the system. (1.5 The Australian health care system, 2014). Medicare provides a bulk billing. Provider bills Medicare directly for ay medical or allied health services that the patient receives. (What is bulk billing?, 2014). Most GP services, around 80% provide bulk billing with no upfront charge. The Australian health care system is multi-tiered and comprised of organisations that are funded and organised by a range of different methods, including Government and Private funded (1.5 The Australian health care system, 2014).
Most Australian are healthy and majority are feeling positive and satisfied with their quality of life, according to the latest national report card on health released by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) (AIHW A. I., 21 June 2012). According to World Health Organization (WHO) data published in 2012, Australians enjoy one of the highest life expectancies in the world, the sixth-longest expectancy for males and females of all...