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Controversies And Human Rights Essay

1733 words - 7 pages

Human rights are those rights that has “recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law, Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations, Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge”(HR Preamble). This is a short over view of the human rights and what they represent. To sum it up in lemans term we as humans have inalienable rights that cannot be taken away and that have to be respected. These rights give us the freedom to be whatever culture we what and so on. As long as we obey by the law and don’t put ourselves or anyone in harm’s way, we can pretty much do anything. I have two cultural practice controversies that a lot of people have conflicts with. They say that they break the human rights and that they should be banned from being practiced. Female circumcision is one of these practices that people are appalled by; they say that this puts the woman in danger. Another controversy is the one child policy in China; they say that the rights of the child and parents are being ignored. The question is should all cultures and practices be held accountable to the rights of the declaration of human rights?
When we think of circumcision we tend to think about a baby boy having his fore-skin cut, to have what we see as cleaner more obtainable genital area. We really never think about how female circumcision is practiced in many different cultures such as Egyptian and African cultures, in which this paper is focused on. Female circumcision is a practice that has a few different ways for it to be done. The procedures for female circumcision is that girls are generally circumcised between the ages of 4 and 10 years of age, but in some cultures the procedure may be performed on infants, or it may be postponed until just before she marries or even after the birth of her first child. There are three types of female circumcision. The first being called “Sunna” Circumcision, which involves removing the clitoris and sometimes the area around it, including the clitoral hood. The second is Clitoridectomy, involves removing the clitoris, the clitoral hood, and scraping off the labia majora and the labia minora. And the third is “Infibulation” Circumcision is without question the most severe. This type involves removing nearly all the external female genitalia (clitoris, clitoral hood, labia majora, labia minora) as well as the scraped...

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