Controversy Between The Existence Of God

1679 words - 7 pages

In “The Brothers Karamazov” by Fyodor Dostoevsky made a famous claim that establishes the link between the existence of God and morality. Apart from the controversy related to the scope of the quotation, the discussion on the proper translation and interpretation of the words of Ivan Karamazov. For instance, in his article “Dostoevsky did not say it” D.Cortesi claims that Dostoevsky did not make such claim (Cortesi 1). However, the research by Russian-speaking authors shows that the original text of “The Brothers Karamazov” contains the statement under study (Volkov 1). Coming to the scope of the claim, one should concentrate on the reasons for making such claim, as well as the relation between the moral beliefs of secular humanists and the beliefs under study.
When one says that the non-existence of God leads to the fact that everything is permitted, one implies that there is a crucial link between the existence of God and morality. In other word, it may be summarized that the statement under study suggests viewing God as the source of morality. This suggestion brings one close to the divine command theory. As one of most well known meta-ethical theories, divine command theory lies in claiming that considering the action morally good is equal to viewing the action as the one, being commanded by God. It is suggested that what is moral is called forth by what God commands, and the only way to be moral is to follow the commands of God.
The statement by Dostoevsky is directly related to the scope of the divine command theory, as it is also based on viewing God as the main source of moral norms, and considering morality impossible without the existence of God. Let us consider the reasons that may have led to both the creation of the divine command theory and the formulation of the statement under study by its author.
The first reason to consider is the close historical link that exists between religion and morality. Many religions have well-developed value frameworks that help adherents distinguish between moral and immoral actions, serving as their guides in all the situations that require choosing the model of behavior. The frameworks that regulate personal behavior, suing the categories of morality and immorality, manifest themselves in the form of holy books, written and oral traditions and the statements of religious leaders.
The second reason lies in the fact that the scope of basic principles of religious and secular morality is the same. For instance, the norms of moral behavior that are contained in the Ten Commandments (e.g., the prohibition of murder, adultery and theft) are shared both by deists and Atheists. Thirdly, religious people tend to think that God had created everything in the world. Therefore, it is quite natural for them to think that God had created morality. Thus they see morality and religion as either two inseparable notions or even the one that finds its roots in the idea of God.
The historically formed link...

Find Another Essay On Controversy Between the Existence of God

The existence of God Essay

771 words - 4 pages The Existence of God For many centuries the mysteries of our world and the cosmos have plagued mankind. Why the stars illuminate the night and where the sun disappeared to everyday has caused our ancestors to create myths to answer these perplexing questions. The existence of God as many Christians worship him today in America is just that- a myth; a construct of our superstitious past that is no longer relevant in the modern world; there is

The Existence of a God Essay

1059 words - 4 pages since "that which does not exist comes into being by something that exists"(Knowledge, 134). And, as we saw in relation to movers and to causes, so we cannot but postulate the existence of some being having of itself its own existence and not receiving it from another, but rather causing in others their existence. Thus, one may observe evidence of the existence of "god". Comparisons between things using "more" or "less" show that there must

Proving the Existence of God

1100 words - 4 pages Proving the Existence of God A Comparison of St. Thomas Aquinas St. Thomas Aquinas is one of the greatest theologians that has ever been. He recognized that there were some people who doubted the existence of God because, to them, logic did not allow for or explain God's existence. Being a devout Christian, he naturally believed in God, but he wanted to prove God's existence to those who could not accept things on faith alone. As a

The Argument for the Existence of God

1710 words - 7 pages , because they argue this simply proves that God designed humans with an ability to receive religious experiences. The argument that the existence of God can be proved by religious experience relies on the assumption that the experience itself can give some sort of guarantee that you are right. In conclusion, I believe that is hard to believe in an argument that does not and cannot distinguish between feeling that

Descartes Argument for the Existence of God

1209 words - 5 pages attribute as a perfect being. Secondly, God’s existence. These two essential properties must always be found together to ensure his necessary existence. Descartes argues that we can no more imagine God not existing then we can imagine a mountain without a valley. In this analogy Descartes is trying to draw out the distinction between ordinary existence and necessary existence. The idea of a mountain implies a valley. It may be possible to

Descartes Proof For The Existence Of God

1542 words - 6 pages Descartes Proof for the Existence of God The purpose of my essay will be to examine Descartes’ argument for the existence of God. First, I will review Descartes’ proof for the existence of God. Then I will examine the reasons that Descartes has for proving God’s existence. I will also discuss some consequences that appear as a result of God’s existence. Finally, I will point out some complications and problems that exist within the proof

Ontological Arguments for the Existence of God

1647 words - 7 pages In the fifth Meditation, Descartes presents his second argument for the existence of God. Descartes holds that existence is perfection and so, it can be a predicate for God. I will first explain what is the ontological argument for the existence of God. Next, I will discuss why Descartes decides to bring God into His method of philosophy. I will then try to argue that existence is a perfection and that as a predicate for God, existence reveal

Teleological Argument for the Existence of God

2740 words - 11 pages . In his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Hume offers many objections through the voice of the sceptic Philo, with whom he seems to sympathise. Hume's proposal is basically that the premises of the teleological argument do not entail the conclusion of the existence of an omnipotent, omniscient and benevolent god with any necessity. He points out that the properties of the world do not seem to match up with the essential theistic notion of

Proof For the Existence of God

1531 words - 6 pages Proof For the Existence of God From the diversity of men and creatures on this earth, there has always been one unifying link. At the root of humanity’s existence, lies the root of all things natural and infinite, a hint of something supreme and purposeful, something incomprehensible; a glimpse of what is real and what is possible. Inspired by wonder one can easily be surprised by the doubts presented as to the existence and identity of this

Descartes' Proof for the Existence of God

4707 words - 19 pages . There is, at the least, the distinction between ininite and finite substance; among finite s ubstances souls are presumably higher on the Chain than bodies; and then below bodies, one has modes and accidents. Even such an abbreviated Chain of Being is sufficient for the purposes of Descartes' proof for the existence of God. Representation -- Am I alone? Descartes next takes up the nature of representation. He is considering the possibility that

The existence of God (or lack thereof)

1007 words - 4 pages to this point.Doctor Bradley's first argument states that there is no explanation, other than the existence of god, for the fact that mathematical formulas in nature are so interrelated and exact. He fails to recognize that the formulas must be so interrelated or nothing would work. The word is, therefore there are formulas to explain it. His thoughts on this subject show the prevalence of ignorance in the religious school of thought. His second

Similar Essays

The Existence Of God Essay

1209 words - 5 pages The Existence of God Works Cited Not Included For centuries, the idea of God has been a part of man's history. Past and present, there has always been a different integration consisting of the believers and the non-believers of God. The group of those who have "faith" in God tend to be related to one religion or another. On the other hand, the skeptics find the existence of God somewhat puzzling and try to seek the answers through

The Existence Of God Essay

1724 words - 7 pages ). Given such characteristics draws criticism and ire considering that on any given day the world as we know it is plagued by death, pain, suffering, and an overall unsatisfactory life. It goes on to say that if God was what he is thought to be and more shouldn’t his power reflect as a utopian world? First of all, before using human suffering as an excuse to deny the existence of God it is necessary to establish the origins of suffering which fall

The Existence Of God Essay

2245 words - 9 pages numinous has many associations he used numen, something which is wholly other than the natural world An objectivist would argue that the religious experience is a proof of God's existence. However, others have criticised the reliability of religious experiences. The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes asked how it was possible to tell the differences between talking to God in a dream, and dreaming about talking to God. The

The Existence Of God Essay

2488 words - 10 pages The Existence of God "No one can think the opposite of that which is self evident…But the opposite of the proposition "God Exists" can be thought…therefore the proposition that God existence is self evident."( Thomas Aquinas) Some people may say that God is an omnipotent, omniscient being that the universe revolves around. In other words, God is all-powerful, all knowing, and runs the universe, but the mere claim