Controversy Control And Contraception Essay

2419 words - 10 pages

Controversy and contraceptives has been recorded together in some of the earliest writings of man. In Genesis, it was written that when a man spilled his seed on the ground, the Lord was upset and killed the man. “And it came to pass, when he went into his brother’s wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother. And the thing which he did displeased the Lord: wherefore he slew him also (Genesis 38:9-10).” Many have used this scripture as their reason to be against birth control, but throughout time there have been particular groups of people and parties that have also taken up the issue of birth control and have used it as a way to divide people. Two groups in particular have very opposing views on the issue of contraceptive use, they are Conservatives and Feminists. While feminist believe women should have control over the use of birth control and it should be available for all, contemporary conservatives are against contraceptives because they believe contraceptives creates moral degradation, and the use of birth control is contrary to God’s will, and that the government is violating religious freedom rights by requiring women access to birth control.
Conservatives views on contraceptive uses varies, the type of contraception Conservatives choose to boycott depends on their religious beliefs. Followers of the Vatican strongly oppose all types of birth control. . Ironically, the man responsible for improving the birth control pill, that many use today, was Catholic. Dr. John Rock labeled himself a social conservative and early on in his medical career he began to change his mind about the use of birth control. Dr. Rock began to support contraception within the confines of marriage. He operated the first Rhythm Clinic in Boston in 1936 because the Catholic Church endorsed the use of rhythm method. Although Dr. Rock views on the use of birth control had little to do with women’s rights; he believed that unwanted pregnancy kept families in poverty and also caused extreme stress for some women. Dr. Rock would constantly go to the Vatican to gain approval from the Catholic Church, for its followers to use contraceptive and especially the new form of the “pill”. In 1968 Pope Paul VI reaffirmed that the use of contraceptives are a mortal sin. The Humane Vitae declared that the pill “opened up a wide and easy road… toward conjugal infidelity and the general lowering of morality. Dr. Rock did not agree with the Pope’s decision, and as a result, Dr. Rock removed himself from the Church. Many Catholic conservatives today support the Pope declaration of 1968; therefore they are against all contraceptives. Focus on the Family has a different view about what is an acceptable form of birth control. In their position statement they believe it is a sin to use any type of birth control that “acts after fertilization and terminates a conceived human life by preventing its implantation in the womb. For example...

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