This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Convention On The Prevention And Punishment Of The Crime Of Genocide

2194 words - 9 pages

The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948)
1. The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969), the Convention applies to treaties between states.
2. The Preamble enshrines the recognition of genocide as a crime that must be eradicated from the world within the conceptual framework of the Convention. The atrocities of history are declared as evidence of the substantial impact that genocide has had on humanity and to prevent these atrocities international co-operation is required.
3. Articles I and II, Article I which recognises genocide as an international crime in “time of peace or in time of war” which states undertake to “prevent” and “punish”. Article II defines the crime of genocide specifying “an intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group”.
4. Article IV through to Article IX; in particular Article V directs states to enact the necessary legislation to give effect to the provisions of the Convention outlined in Articles I, II and III. Article VIII also provides for states to call upon the United Nations (UN) to take action for the prevention and suppression of the acts enumerated in Article III. While Article VI enshrines the role of tribunals in punishing the crime of genocide and hence enforcing Articles I, II and III.
5. Articles X and XI, the Convention was open for signature on 9 December 1948 until 31 December 1949, on behalf of any Member of the UN and of any non-member State to which an invitation to sign had been addressed by the General Assembly.
6. Article V asserts that states must enact the necessary legislation to give effect to the provisions of the Convention.
7. Article XI, after 1 January 1950 the Convention may be acceded to, the legal implications of accession have the same effect as those ensuing from signature and ratification as the text of the Convention does not provide that the implications of each will differ.
8. Reservations are not specified in the Convention, however under Article 19 of the Vienna Convention states may nonetheless make a reservation which adheres to these guidelines (Scott 2010, p. 149). States must ensure particularly that, reservations are compatible with the object and purpose of the treaty.
9. Article XIV states that denunciation shall be effected by a written notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the UN. Article XV further delineates that if as a result of denunciations the number of Parties to the Convention becomes less than sixteen the Convention will cease to be in force.
10. Article XIV, the Convention would remain in effect for a period of ten years from the date of its coming into force. After this period the Convention would remain in force for successive periods of five years for Contacting Parties who have not denounced the Convention.
11. Under Article IX, disputes between the Contracting Parties with regard to the fulfilment of the Convention shall...

Find Another Essay On Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

The Importance of Places in Crime Prevention

1597 words - 7 pages Over the last several decades, both the nature of offenders and offending have played a crucial role in guiding thought about crime prevention and crime prevention techniques (Eck& Weisburd, 1995; Cornish & Clarke, 2003). Although many contributions to crime prevention have been made, it is important to focus on those that work. Consequently, criminologists and crime prevention practitioners have become increasingly aware of the importance of

Convention on the Rights of the Child

2446 words - 10 pages supplementing of the Convention gaps in prevention and protection of children to fully implement the CRC according to the CRC Committee Concluding Observations. 2.1.1 The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) /1966 Ethiopia has ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), on 11 July, 1993 without reservation and it is also incorporated in the Constitution under Chapter three, Article

The Convention on the Rights of Children

1388 words - 6 pages The Convention on the Rights of Children Growing up, I could not possibly count the number of times my parents told me how hard it was to raise a child in this world. I can, however, remember how hard it was being one. Luckily, I was blessed with two loving parents who always had my best interests in mind and eventually as I passed through the innocence of my youth and the awkwardness of adolescence to where I am today, I got to fully

Prevention of Genocide

1120 words - 4 pages and debates surrounding it. It is the opinion of many people that the United Nations should not get involved with or try to stop ongoing genocide because of costs or impositions on the rights of a country, but what about the rights of an individual? The UN should get involved in human rights crimes that may lead to genocide to prevent millions of deaths, save money on humanitarian aid and clean up, and fulfill their responsibilities to stop such

Themes in the Opening Passage of Crime and Punishment

1316 words - 5 pages , autonomous hero. It is true to state that 'Crime and Punishment' had a profound influence on the modern intellectual climate, sparking off a wave of existentialist writings, and it is not difficult to discover why. The intricate and enthralling exploration, carried out by Raskolnikov, of conflicting internal drives, personal motivations and philosophical justification of one's existence leads to the impulsive testing of his rights to transgress

The Two Personalities of Raskolnikov in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment

582 words - 2 pages The Two Personalities of Raskolnikov in Crime and Punishment Raskolnikov, the main character of the novel Crime and Punishment by Feodor Dostoevsky, actually possesses two completely contradicting personalities. One part of him is intellectual: cold, unfeeling, inhumane, and exhibiting tremendous self-will. It is this side of him that enables him to commit the most terrible crime imaginable - taking another human life. The other part of his

The History and Evolution of Punishment for Crime

2630 words - 11 pages thoughts on the root of the crime problem, some believe that there is a criminal gene and some believe its all learned behavior, but it still seems today that even the threat of being put to death for a crime doesn’t stop people from committing them. In today’s society the ends outweigh the means and people will go to extreme measures to have a piece of the pie, so we must continue to try and deter these criminals through the threat of punishment

The Causes an Consequences of Crime and Punishment

2058 words - 9 pages Dostoevsky’s character Raskolnikov in the novel Crime and Punishment. He has to go through the devil’s temptation, his opportunities to commit the sin, and the guilt the devil puts on him. Raskolnikov goes through metaphorical hell because of his guilt and is on the road to literal hell because he has no way out. Fortunately God does not let you suffer in your sin and sends a way to get you to confess. For Raskolnikov the way God sends him forgiveness is

The Importance of Raskolnikov’s Dreams in Crime and Punishment

2511 words - 11 pages The Importance of Raskolnikov’s Dreams in Crime and Punishment The function of dreams has been theorized and debated by scientists, but there has yet to be a consensus as to why people dream (Payne and Nadel). Some dream theorists believe that studies on dreaming have not conclusively shown that dreams have any real purpose or significance. On the other end of the spectrum, there are dream experts that find dreaming to be essential to our

The Importance of Raskolnikov’s Dreams in Crime and Punishment

1395 words - 6 pages Raskolnikov was before. The killing of the men is a symbol of the death of the old murderous Raskolnikov. The new breed of men that are pure and take over the world after the pseudo-traordinary men kill one another off is a breed that is like Sonia. The faith that Sonia has is something that Raskolnikov wishes to have himself and in the end this shows that he is renewed. Although all of the dreams featured in Crime and Punishment were not touched

The Convention of Justice

972 words - 4 pages “The Convention of Justice” Around 400 BCE, a famous Greek philosopher by the name of Plato constructed two characters in the books “Gorgias” and “The Republic,” that castigated the virtue of justice, and that boosted the conventional morality as a self fulfilling vice. Callicles and Thrasymachus are characters that Plato chalked into his works to represent the common convention of justice in the realm of philosopher thinkers. Being the

Similar Essays

The International Convention On The Prevention And Punishment Of The Crime Of Genocide

2525 words - 11 pages automatic detention of children that was a decision that should have been made by a court and breached the International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. However the court found that the International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide only came into effect in 1951 and the Ordinance was in force in 1918, which bought the court to reject the claim as the Ordinance had no such

The Pros And Cons Of Crime Prevention

2670 words - 11 pages rethink their idea’s, which saw a shift from the pursuit of the criminal to the prevention of crime (Stevenson 2000b cited in Hughes 2002 p3) Since 1980 crime prevention has become a significant concern for any Government. For example the Conservative Government’s policy on their commitment to “Safer Communities” And their campaign on the “War on Crime and Disorder” (Tim Hope 2000, p.xiii cited in Hughes 2002 p2) Crime prevention finally

Report On The The International Convention For The Prevention Of Pollution By Ships

1283 words - 5 pages problem in the first half of the 20th century and various countries introduced national regulations to control discharges of oil within their territorial waters. However, in 1954, the United Kingdom organized a conference on oil pollution which resulted in the adoption of The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil (OILPOL).The 1954 Convention, which was amended in 1962, 1969 and 1971, primarily addressed

The History Of Crime And Punishment

834 words - 4 pages modern courts are separated by the severity of the crime committed, rather than the individual. The differences and similarities discussed among the three societies illustrate how laws and the legal system must conform to satisfy the dominant societal views of that era. The Roman era was fixated on creating a long lasting society wherein peace and order is paramount. The Medieval era was focused on pleasing the monarchy and allowing the Catholic