Conventional And Nazi Antisemitism Essay

1701 words - 7 pages

Some may think that there is not a difference between the antisemitism that occurred between 1817 and 1914 and Nazi antisemitism. However, there are distinctions that make them separate, and there are a few things they share. Conventional antisemitism occurred as a way to control the Jews and manipulate their lives. Nazi antisemitism on the other hand, was mostly violent behavior directed toward Jews to eliminate the population. Conventional and Nazi antisemitism were different mainly because the Nazis brutally murdered Jews to exterminate an entire population, and conventional antisemitism was mostly an idea of hatred and a desire for Jews to immigrate. Russia is a common ground between the two. Russia had the idea of antisemitism hatred and wanting Jews to immigrate, but also with violence. It was not on the same level as Nazi antisemitism but many Jews were killed.
The rise of conventional antisemitism occurred in places like Germany, France, and Austria between 1817 and 1914. In Germany, it was because the Jews profited from the industrial revolution unlike most of the native population. In France, the Jews were blamed for the French downfall in World War II, and in Austria they merely blamed Jews for any problems they had. Because of this, these countries began to have new national ideas. They believed nations were culturally exclusive, meaning it should be one ethnic group, and one culture, and no other group should contaminate it. They believed Jews would deteriorate the race and weaken the ethnicity. Antisemitism then became a secular idea rather than a religious one. Gentiles hated Jews simply because they were Jewish, not because of their religion. Once the idea began, it spread rapidly. In Germany, they had antisemitic pamphlets, posters, cartoons, magazines, and books. Austria had important people such as Georg von Schönerer, leader of the German Nationalists, speak publicly about their aggressive antisemitic beliefs. Also, in France the politicians had posters blatantly displaying their antisemitic platforms. So one can plainly see, antisemitic ideas were well spread throughout these countries.
These countries tried to get Jews to immigrate to other places so they wouldn’t weaken the ethnicity of their homeland. They believed that if the Jews were treated poorly enough then they would want to leave on their own. In 1880-1881, the German Antisemite’s Petition was given to chancellor Otto von Bismark. It had a quarter of a million signatures and it stated that there should be restrictions placed on Jews for government jobs, judiciary, and higher education. However, Bismark did not allow it to be passed. Even French painter Auguste Renoir said, “Every country chases them out; there is a reason for that, and we must not allow them to occupy such a position in France.” Conventional antisemitism was more of an idea than an actual force at this point in time. Everyone wanted them out of the country but no drastic measures were being...

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