Conventional Vs. Organic Farming Essay

1576 words - 6 pages

What is organic and conventional farming and which is superior? This is a question commonly asked by those who are unaware of the positive and negative outcomes of either one. Organic farming is a form of agriculture which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, (any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest), plant growth regulators, and livestock feed additives, such as hormones. On the other hand, conventional agriculture is a chemical process in which fertilizers are used to increase crop yields, also known as agricultural output, the use of pesticides to protect crops, and the use of antibiotics and hormones to increase productive efficiency of livestock.Organic farming refers to agricultural production systems used to produce food and fiber. Organic farming management relies on developing biological diversity in the field and the maintenance and replenishment of soil fertility. Organic farmers are not allowed to use synthetic pesticides or fertilizers. All kinds of agricultural goods are produced organically, including produce, grains, meat, dairy, eggs, and fibers such as cotton, flowers, and processed food products. As far as possible, organic farmers rely on crop rotation-the practice of growing a series of dissimilar type of crops in the same space in sequential seasons to avoid the buildup of pathogens and pests that often occur when one species is continuously cropped. As well as crop residues, animal manures and mechanical cultivation is used to maintain soil productivity and tilth, the agricultural preparation of the soil by digging it up, to supply plant nutrients, and to control weeds, insects and other pests. Organic agriculture is a far more complicated process and requires much attention as opposed to conventional farming.Conventional farming refers to growers using methods that are, unfortunately, the most well-known to all. Conventional farms may use whatever means, within basic safety laws, to kill pests and maximize output, such as chemicals, synthetics, or genetically-modified organisms. Most will agree that conventional farming is far more convenient than organic farming because it has substantially decreased hunger world-wide. But, on the other hand, it has many negative effects on our environment as well as on the animals being used for the process.Organic farming also includes the livestock and the poultry raised on the farms and it's carried out in a specific manner. Organic meat, dairy products, and eggs are produced from animals that are fed organic feed and allowed access to the outdoors. They must be kept in living conditions that accommodate the natural behavior of these animals. For example, ruminants must have access to pasture. Organic livestock and poultry may not be given antibiotics, hormones, or medications in the absence of illness, but they may be vaccinated against disease. Livestock diseases and...

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