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Cold War And Fall Of Communism

1037 words - 4 pages

One of the most historic events that occurred during the decade of the 1980s was the end of the Cold War. The war itself and the events preceding it would dramatically impact people's lives across the world, with the influential consequences still to this day being felt. The end of the Cold War led to the collapse of communism, which gave way to the rise of capitalism. The most explicit historic events in time that confirm this are the fall of the Berlin wall and the collapse of the Soviet Union. After the breakdown of the USSR countries such as Russia would try and implement a more capitalist ideology on to its citizens, which would prove to only have disasters consequences on the country, and its people.After the end of World War II Germany was divided into four main sectors either occupied by, Britain, France, or the United States, which made up the west, or the Soviet Union which made up the east. The forming of West and East Germany created a rivalry between the Allied forces and the Soviets of democracy versus communism. With the help and support of its occupied powers West Germany was able to establish a capitalist society and saw an exponentially rapid growth in their economy, while the exact opposite can be said for East Germany's communist society whose economy declined substantially. "By the late 1950s, many people living in East Germany wanted out. No longer able to stand the repressive living conditions of East Germany, they would pack up their bags and head to West Berlin" (Rosenberg). Because of the mass depletion of citizens from communist occupied East Germany to the West, the Berlin Wall was constructed to keep people from fleeing the country. The bringing down of the Berlin Wall in 1989 symbolised the end of the Soviets communist rein over East Germany, and reunified Germany into a single state again.In December 1991 the world bared witness to one of the most historically significant events of the decade, as the Soviet Union was broken up into fifteen separate counties. It is speculated that this was largely due to two main aspects, one being the failure the economic reform program known as perestroika, and the other being the introduction of glasnost, or freedom of speech. "What Gorbachev (Last President of Soviet Union) did not realize was that by giving people complete freedom of expression, he was unwittingly unleashing emotions and political feelings that had been pent up for decades, and which proved to be extremely powerful when brought out into the open. Moreover, his policy of economic reform did not have the immediate results he had hoped for and had publicly predicted. The Soviet people consequently used their newly allotted freedom of speech to criticize Gorbachev for his failure to improve the economy" (coldwar.org). This did not only officially mark the end of the Cold War, but as well the fall of communism entirely in Eastern Europe. "Its (Soviet Union) collapse was hailed by the west as a victory for freedom, a...

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