Coping With Stress Essay

2326 words - 9 pages

College is all about accomplishing schoolwork at the wee hours, and waking up early in the morning to run errands; surviving college requires diligence, and is definitely stressful. Many researchers have their own definition of stress, but the primary definition of stress is it is a subjective feeling produced by events perceived as being threatening and uncontrollable. Similarly, there are a number of events that can be stressful to people from minor to chronic events, and these events that cause people to be stressed out is called stressors. There are three types of stressors, namely: minor hassles, major life changes, and catastrophic events. Minor hassles occur every day, for example, completing an overdue assignment; whereas major life events include having an unborn child at the wrong time or death of a family member; lastly, the 9/11 suicide attack is an example of a catastrophic event. Stress research began in 1956, when Hans Selye a Canadian Physician published the book The Stress of Life. In addition, Selye was the first Scientist to try to figure out how external stressors such like noise, pollution, work demand, traffic jam, and family problems make people ill. Selye later described the body’s response to external stressors as the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS). GAS is a series of physiological responses to stressors that occur in three stages, namely: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. The alarm stage is also known as the “fight-or-flight” stage; the resistance stage where individuals who are stressed out will experience more energy; and if the resistance stage continues in an extended period of time, the exhaustion stage will come in where the energy of the individuals is depleted, which may lead to illness. Furthermore, there are a number of strategies on how to tolerate and manage the threats of stress; one strategy is the attribution style, it is the process on how an individual perceive stressors. The attribution style is divided into two, namely: pessimistic style and optimistic style. Individuals who are optimistic believe that when bad things happened to them it is not their fault, and the effects will only be temporary. On the other hand, individuals who are pessimistic believe that when bad things happened to them it is their fault, and all aspects of their life will be affected. Individuals who are under negative emotional states such like anxiety, depression, and helplessness are more likely to get sick or have delay recoveries.
People from all nations experience being under stress, and they all have their own strategies on how to cope it. Some people relax, exercise, solve their problems, change their perspective on the problems, and this involves the adaptive coping. On the other hand, others use alcohol, drugs or overeat to escape from their problems, and this involves the maladaptive coping. Another strategy to manage stress is getting rid of negative attitudes, confess, give up the thoughts that...

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