“The more we heat up the planet, the more it costs all of us, not just in money, but in colossal famines, displacements, deaths, and species extinctions, as well as in the loss of some of the things that make this planet a blue-green jewel, including its specialized habitats from the melting Arctic to bleaching coral reefs” (Solnit). There are many coral reefs in different oceans around the world and they are protected in different ways. Coral Reef destruction is a huge problem and while countries are conserving reefs differently, the best way to conserve them is to have marine protected areas because it allows the habitat to reconstruct itself naturally.
Coral reef destruction happens for many reasons. The primary reasons include climate change, unsustainable fishing, and pollution (“Threats”). As the temperature increases the amount of coral bleaching and the spread of diseases will increase as well. The CO2 absorbed into the ocean reduces the amount of coral building. Using bottom-contact gear to fish could directly damage the coral reefs and bottom trawling creates the worst damages where it is allowed. Disease affecting the corals has become a problem recently as well as aquatic invasive species. Coral reef destruction is seen in all the oceans where coral reefs are present, some are restoring better than others.
Marine Protected areas help our oceans to rejuvenate themselves naturally and strongly improve the oceans marine life health. Areas where the marine life is protected, allows it to grow and multiply in population and diversity.
Coral reefs in the flower banks garden are in good condition today due to conservation efforts but without them they would be losing health rapidly, and we would lose many important spawning areas for species of groupers. The reefs in the Flower Banks Garden are not affected that much by global warming due to the location and depth of the reefs. A big stressor to the reefs in this area is the pollution caused by runoff and coastal development that cause the “dead zone” in the Gulf of Mexico. This area is also one of the most active areas for oil and gas exploration which can potentially cause damage from oil spills.
Coral reefs in areas surrounding Florida are monitored by organizations in Florida to make sure the reefs continue to be restored. In Southeast Florida, the coral reefs are damaged by coastal runoff from local developments ion nearby Florida. There is also a lot of pollution from Florida due to tourism because it is a popular destination because of its warm climate. Fishing around these areas eliminates many species around the coral reefs and many fishing methods damage the reefs. However Florida has prohibited the removal of the marine life and the coral to keep people from disrupting the habitat life. In the Florida Keys there are problems with coastal runoff and pollution due to development and tourism. Fishing also removes many species of marine life in these areas and removes important...