Coral Reefs: Why We Must Save Them.

2262 words - 9 pages

Coral Reefs: Why We Must Save ThemThe world's coral reefs while covering only a small portion of the ocean floor are home to approximately 25 percent of the marine animal life and they are used by many more at some point during their life cycle. Additionally thousands of marine plants live on or near coral reefs. Coral reefs are in effect cities of the seas. Humans have a huge dependency on the ocean in general and the coral reefs in particular. This paper will cover what coral reefs are, what they do for us, where the coral reefs are, what they do for us, and some of the hazards to coral reefs. So just what is coral?Many corals look like stone formations or plants. But they are neither; they are in fact very fragile animals called coral polyps. According to Garrison, There are two types of corals; the first is Hermatypics from the Greek word hermatos meaning "mound builder," (435) which builds the reefs. They live in the warm tropical seas. The other kinds of corals are called Ahermatypic from the Greek word ahermatos meaning "without mound builder" (436). The Ahermatypics do not build reefs; rather they build smooth banks in relatively deep water. Many species of coral have a symbiotic relationship with a type of algae called Zooxanthellae (pronounced zo-zan-THEL-ee).Zooxanthellae are microscopic, single cell algae that live and grow with in the tissue of the hard coral polyps. Several million Zooxanthellae live in just a square inch of coral, and it is the algae the gives the corals their brownish-green hue. Zooxanthellae and coral have a symbiotic relationship and rely on each other for survival. The algae help to process the polyp's wastes, retaining important nutrients. The algae also provide the polyp with oxygen and carbohydrates, which enables the polyp to produce calcium carbonate for its skeleton. Mean while the coral polyps provide the algae with a safe protected home. (About Coral Reefs)Smalewich 2Corals grow at varying rates, "the massive corals are the slowest species, growing anywhere between 5 and 25 millimeters per year. Branching and Staghorn corals can grow much faster than this, adding as much as 20 centimeters to their branches each year," (About). So you can see it takes many years for a coral reef to be established.There are four types of coral reefs. According to the article "About Coral Reefs" on the website of The Coral Reef Alliance, fringing reefs are the most common. "They grow near the coastlines of the continents and around islands and are separated from the shore by shallow, narrow lagoons," (About).The second type of reef is the barrier reef. Barrier reefs also "parallel the coast but are separated by deeper, wider lagoons. At their shallowest point they can reach the water's surface forming a 'barrier' [author's emphasis] to navigation. The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is the most famous example and is the largest barrier reef in the world," (About).The third type of reef is the patch reef. "Patch reefs are...

Find Another Essay On Coral Reefs: Why We Must Save Them.

Stem Cell Research-What are stem cells and why should we continue studying them?

800 words - 3 pages What are stem cells and why should we continue studying them? Stem cells are the source of life. They bridge the gap from the embryo we start out as and the architecture we become. Stem cell research has been ongoing for more then twenty years. The more we study them the more potential we find. But with every new scientific discovery there is always controversy and stem cells are no different. The controversy arises due to the source of stem

"Why We Must Invade Iraq," by Ron Marr, Critical Analysis Paper

2011 words - 8 pages In his argument, "Why we must invade Iraq," the writer, Mr. Ron Marr, states his position on the impending war by listing several key reasons as to why the United States of America must invade Iraq. In his attempt to persuade his audience, Marr refers to Saddam Hussein as a "heinous monster" and a "sociopath" who he states is not only a threat to bordering countries, but someone who has also caused harm and deadly harm to perhaps hundreds of

What do we own the animals and how and why do we owe it to them? Kant, Singer

542 words - 2 pages What do we own the animals and how and why do we owe it to them?According to Kant we do not owe animals anything as he puts it "Animals... are theremerely as a means to an end. That end is man."(emp130) I think the way he sees it isthat animals do not have the capacity to understand, to make reason. When a dog istaught something like not to urinate in the house, they understand that doing this will getthem in trouble, but do they really don't

"The Quiet American" by Graham Greene: "In order to understand events clearly we must observe them at close range." How far does the novel show this to be true?

676 words - 3 pages The novel, “The Quiet American”, demonstrates that in order to understand events clearly, something more than just observation at “close range” is required. It shows that interpretation, wisdom and experience must be present to allow a clear view of such events as those occurring within the novel. This is shown in a comparison between Fowler and Pyle and how they react to various situations. The novel also demonstrates that

Coral Reefs

1614 words - 7 pages , ecosystems within the ocean warm and change, too. And whether the change is a normal one by Earths standards, or man made, these ecosystems affect our species in a major way. Coral reefs, for example, may seem insignificant to the majority of people who don’t live near the coast of any continent, but provide so much to us that we need to focus more closely on how any change may impact them and, in turn, all of mankind. For over two million years

The Importance Of Coral Reefs To The World

2757 words - 11 pages A coral reef ecosystem is one of the most biologically diverse areas you could find in the world. Located in the world's tropical oceans, reefs provide an infinite amount of importance to the Earth. Yet before we label this importance, we must look first to the definition of a Coral Reef so we can understand just how they work.Coral reefs consist of limestone structures that give shelter to about 25 percent of all marine life in the Ocean

Coral Reefs Need Help

2540 words - 10 pages Beautiful beaches, a hot sun, glistening sand, and a clear ocean would make the perfect vacation, right? Many of us would enjoy being somewhere tropical. This kind of vacation won’t last much longer if we don’t start taking care of endangered coral reefs now! World government leaders should establish laws to protect them. People may ask, “If coral reefs are in such danger, why don’t we fix the problem since they provide benefits for the whole

The Immense Value of Coral Reefs and the Threat it is Currently Facing

1967 words - 8 pages the pain and sickness. So, why not protect reefs for human’s sake and marine life? Today, marine protected areas are providing so much for people and nature. If we keep protecting what is under the sea, envision the future with all the medical benefits people are going to get from it. Dynamite fishing and overusing resources lead to damaging coral reef ecosystems. In many countries, it is illegal to practice dynamite fishing but it continues to

Coral Reefs

1562 words - 6 pages . Coral reefs protect us and our lives from devastating storms.Coral reefs supply humanity with natural medicines. Items effective against fighting disease already exist in nature. These items can be developed into effective drugs for humans fighting illness and disease. Coral reefs are home to extreme amounts of biodiversity and it is highly likely we can find a natural disease fighting product there. Already coral reef organisms are aiding in the

Coral Reef

1365 words - 6 pages Australia and the Caribbean who are making billions of dollars on their coral reefs. Everyone must work together to stop the pollution and the destruction of our coral reefs and our environment. it is not just one thing that is destroying the reefs it is many factors together that are destroying it. Ultimately, it is as much a question of whether we save or destroy the planet as it is a question of whether we save or destroy the world's reef.

Coral Reefs

1254 words - 5 pages ontheir coral reefs. Everyone must work together to stop the pollution and the destruction of our coralreefs and our environment. it is not just one thing that is destroying the reefs!it is many factors together that are destroying it. Ultimately, it is as much a question of whether wesave or destroy the planet as it is a question of whether we save or destroy the world's reef.Works CitedAldridge, Susan (April, 1995) "Coral: Replacement for Human

Similar Essays

Literacy Skills Are Scarce: Can We Save Them?

1224 words - 5 pages Literacy Skills Are Scarce: Can We Save Them? Literacy skills in high schools are becoming scarce. Students have become more involved in technology and shortcuts rather than learning materials that he or she will need throughout the rest of their lives. Many high school students lack the reading and writing skills that they need in order to further their education and progress into the workforce. “The percent of Denver Public Schools high

We Must Save The Great White Shark From Extinction

4284 words - 17 pages We Must Save the Great White Shark from Extinction The Great White Shark, immortalized by the Hollywood film Jaws, is at the midst of an international controversy. The shark, despite its notoriety, is in danger of extinction. A conflict over the fate of these sharks has existed for decades, but with recent attacks the debate has come to the forefront. The environmental conflict over the Great White Shark has yet to reach a conclusion, as

If Students Cannot Learn The Way We Teach Them, We Must Teach Them The Way They Learn

4631 words - 19 pages There is a very clear relationship between social and educational outcomes in New Zealand establishing itself from early childhood. Our education system has developed over many years through a changing society with changing demands and expectations. The values and assumptions that are widely shared throughout our society have determined how and why we teach and to understand why this happened we must consider the history of our relatively brief

Why We Must Laugh Essay

1490 words - 6 pages creeping around the boundaries of otherwise somber films. Nonetheless, a subject that is too serious and morbid usually forces people to feel horrified and and depressed. Most Holocaust interpretations show the ugly truth of the matter which creates a bias among the people. In Steven Spielberg’s Schindler's List, we witness the overly sadistic and merciless character of Amon Goeth, who strikes fear into the jews as well as the viewers. The sadistic