Imagine walking into a room of bouncing, little balls of fur. You look in the corner and there are two-stubby legged puppies, corgis. You know that these two puppies are similar, but not the same breed. You remember the two breeds of corgi, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. You decide to make a list of similarities, between the two breeds, but what would be on that list?
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi both originated in Wales. Although, the two breeds originated in the different regions of Wales for which they are named. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was believed to have its origins from the Flemish weavers, from the north, that settled in Pembroke. They are closely to the Swedish Valhund and Lundehunds. On they other hand, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi was believed to have its origins in the Romans who migrated to the Cardigan region of Great Britain. This breed is closely related to its long bodied cousins, the Basset Hound and the Dachshunds.
Furthermore, the American Kennel Club, as well as various other breed organizations recognizes both breeds of Corgi as members of the herding group. Until 1934, both the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, were recognized as the same breed, which went under the name of the older of the two breeds, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. In addition, these two breeds were bred to herd cattle, because of their low stature. These two breeds also participated in a sport called bear hunting, which the title explains, because of their fierce personalities. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is part of the Northern Group of dogs, which typically come from the Artic and other exotic regions. Some other breeds of the Northern Group, are the American Eskimo Dog, the Siberian Husky, as well as the Chow Chow.
Whereas the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, is part of the mastiff group. The mastiff group has its history in Ancient Egypt, and then no one other than Julius Caesar brought them to Rome.
As for physical differences, the list is very long. The main difference between the two is the obvious lack of tail in the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. When a Pembroke Welsh Corgi is born, it usually does not have a tail. However, sometimes there is a tail, if there is a tail it is usually curled, and is docked after 1-2 days after birth, giving the breed its standard “nub.” The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a long bushy tail, and is never docked.
In addition to the tail (or lack there of), the other physical differences that distinguishes the two breeds, is the coloring, however their coat is practically the same. Both breeds have a variety of colors, which include: Sable, Tri-Colored, and Red. However, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, have no further colors, whereas the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, can be Brindle, Red Merle, and Black. The coat of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is what people in the dog world call a double coat. A double coat is when the dog has both a short, under coat, which is...