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Corporate Social Responsibility Of Bp In Gulf Oil Spill

2026 words - 8 pages

On April 20th in 2010, the deepwater horizon drilling platform of BP PLC at the Gulf of Mexico in American got blowout and burnt, which had sunk 36 hours after that with 11 persons killed and 17 persons injured. On April 24th, the oil wells out of control began to leak oil lasting for 87 days, about 4.1 million barrels of oil flowing into the Gulf of Mexico, the pollution of which spread to coastwise 5 states. This became the worst oil spill in America history, so it was said to be a national disaster of America. The accident resulted in not only casualties, but also serious oil leakage and environmental pollution event. The blowout and the oil spill is rare in oil and gas development history, for its difficult oil spill block, huge volume of oil leak, wide influence range, and the consequence is very serious:1. The ecological environment of the Gulf of Mexico suffered serious damage as well as a major loss of coastal economy. 2. BP PLC suffered heavy losses, and the company image and performance had been seriously affected. 3. Brought new challenge to the America government response to crisis, with a negative impact on the credibility and the ruling ability of the government. At the same time, it to a certain extent affected the use of global oil resources, especially marine deepwater oil and gas development. Although the explosion, leakage and pollution and a series of accidents brought huge losses and serious effect for people life, the property of the company, and even the local people's life. However, the whole process of BP PLC dealing with the incident, in technical measures, reaction speed or even incident response taken was a success. The ethic issue refracted in this incident focuses on the corporate social responsibility, what I will talk about here in this paper.
We will start with the action of the main responsibility company right after the blowout. After the accident, BP started the emergency response plan immediately, and BP also adopted a series of unique technical measures at the same time with the traditional rescue.
Firstly, BP installed a cap to control the oil, that is to try to sink a 125t heavy armored cement cap to the leaking point to cover it and then pumped the oil using a pumper. However, due to the crystal accumulation formed by large amount of natural gas hydrate in the cap, the cap could not play the function in deep water. Secondly, install the oil suction pipe for the recycle of crude oil. The underwater robot successfully connected absorbing device to the submarine pipeline in depth of about 1600m, about 3000 barrels of oil per day recyclable. Thirdly, the top kill method. The technology was used in deepwater well for the first time, which tried to inject heavy drilling fluid and cement from the top to the broken well, but failed. The fourth step, the caps method successful helped drain the leaking oil. Resection of the blowout preventer upper riser using underwater robot, and the device successfully placed on...

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