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Corrections In The U.S. Essay

588 words - 3 pages

Corrections total number

1990 = 4,350,300
1995 = 5,342,900
2001 = 6,592,800
2005 = 7,051,300
2010 = 7,076,200

Explain the analyze these numbers

Correctional number = number of people in probation + number of people in jails + number
of people in prisons + number of people in parole. The growth and reduction of each of these
numbers can cause total correctional number growth or reduction. From 1990 to 2010 the
number of annual corrections changed.

This graph perfectly reflects the change of correctional population. Each year this number
grows because it usually includes number of people, who previously were punished or
imprisoned. 2010 was the second year (after 2008) when the correctional number reduced.
The decrease observed in the community supervision population during 2010 was due to a
decline in the probation population (down 1.7%). The parole population (up 0.3%) increased
slightly during the last year. Declines in the jail population (down 2.4%) and the custody
prison population (down 0.4%) contributed to the drop in the total.
(http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpus10.pdf)

Prison Ownership and Construction

Total number of people imprisoned in 2012 was about 2,228,400 in the United States.
This represents the highest per capita incarceration rate in the history of the world. In 2013
two prisons were build (Federal Corrections Institution (FCI) Aliceville, AL, and FCI Berlin)
and about 1,000 beds were add to prisons (Department of Justice annual report). The
prison/industrial complex is rapidly becoming an essential component of the U.S. economy.

Prisons are the multimillion industry. It is a “plum” for a lot of industries. Everything
begin with the construction. Investment houses, construction companies, architects, and
support services such as food, medical, transportation...

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