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Costa Rica Essay

845 words - 4 pages

“A government should not function based on the pressures of some or other. I should try to adapt a mix of measures that fits every context and generates the appropriate steps forward.” [Laura Chinchilla, president of Costa Rica]
Costa Rica’s history, geography, people, lifestyle, and society are very important in the development of the country.
History
In 1559, Costa Rica was conquered by the Spanish. The city Cartago was established by Juan Vasquez de Coronado, but was later destroyed in 1723 by the volcano Irazù. In 1821, Costa Rica became independent from Spain and became part of the Mexican Empire of Augustin de Iturbide, but in 1823 it entered a civil war with Mexico and won its freedom.
Costa Rica also had troubling times. A disgruntled United States southerner named William Walker tried to turn Central America into a slave state and attempted to invade with only 50 men. When defeated by Mexico, he moved on to Costa Rica. He was defeated there and was later executed in Honduras. In 1948 a civil war started in Costa Rica. Dr. Rafael Angel Calderon and the United Social Christian Party refused to release presidential power after losing the election. Calderon was later defeated by Jose Maria Figueres Ferrer in one month.
Ferrer became one of Costa Rica’s most influential leaders. He was the head of the Founding Junta of the Second Republic of Costa Rica, made vast reforms in policy and civil rights, and gave women and blacks the right to vote. Also, the communist party was banned, banks were nationalized, and established presidential term limits. As you can see, Ferrer made great influences to Costa Rica.
Geography
Costa Rica has a very complex geography. Its coastal plain is separated by rugged mountains, the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera de Talamanca. It has a rainforest, the Monteverde Reserve, and is home to 300 volcanic centers. It also has a major river system that consists of the Colorado River, the Pacuare River, the Reventzon River, the Parismina River, and the Sixaola River, which all flow into the Caribbean, and the Sapoa, Frio, San Carlos, and Sarapiqui Rivers, which flow into Lake Nicaragua and the San Juan River. All these things make up Costa Rica’s physical geography.
Costa Rica’s climate isn’t as complex as the physical geography. The climate is tropical year-round, but varies depending elevation and rainfall, and is greatly affected by geography. It can reach below 50°F on the summits of the highest mountains. The seasons are defined by rainfall in a certain period. The winter is from December...

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