Costa Rica is a progressive country with a government and people who place importance on social, environmental, and economic dimensions of sustainable developmental programs that benefit a global way of thinking. The culture fosters social peace. The judicial system is based on the Spanish civil code. The judicial review of legislative acts is entrusted to the Supreme Court Costa Rican’s are a heterogeneous population mix with the predominant cultural influence originating from Spain. Currently the ethnic groups are white or mestizo 83.6%, mulato 6.7%, indigenous 2.4%, black of African descent 1.1%, other 1.1%, none 2.9% as of 2011 census records. The official language is Spanish. However, ...view middle of the document...
com, 2014). Land formation consists of over 100 volcanic cones, rugged mountains surrounded on both sides by coastal plains. The climate is tropical and subtropical. However, it is cooler in the highland region of the mountains. Costa Rica’s dry season runs December to April and their rainy season is May to November (cia.gov, 2014c).
Costa Rica was proactive in joining the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on May 19, 1950, just five years after the organization’s inception. As part of the Latin America and the Caribbean Region, they saw the need for solidarity among nations. UNESCO was created in response following WWI and WWII in a span of less than one generation. If a lasting peace was to are maintained stronger bonds needed to be created instead of relying on political and economic agreements, which could be easily dissolved. According to UNESCO creed, “Building peace in the minds of men and women…Peace must be established on the basis of humanity’s moral and intellectual solidarity” (UNESCO, 2014). While researching this site I found it interesting that the United States did not join this particular division of the United Nations organization until January 1, 2003. Our textbook recommended UNESCO’s Culture Sector website to provide links to remain abreast of the changeable nature of culture, by reading and learning about descriptions of people from different areas worldwide, such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, Arab states can broaden understanding of differences within humankind (p. 122).
Literacy according to Stefanie Bermudez, Costa Rican citizen education is ascribed as a high standard of achievement within society. Bermudez described Costa Rica as being similar to Japan in that they have private educational systems that teach students only in English, as well as public systems that speak and teach in Spanish. Bermudez said there is a hierarchy system with class privilege that exists among the types of education one receives in society.
Costa Rica has six national symbols, which reflect nature and power emblems within their culture (Table 1). The flower is the Purple Orchid Guarianthe skinneri (Bateman, 1838). The Guanacaste Tree Enterolobium cyclocarpum was declared the national tree in 1959. The Yiguirro, which is a clay-colored Robin, is the national bird, which was decreed in 1977. Costa Rica cherishes and respects nature and proudly reflects this heritage in three nature iconic symbols. The National flag is used for civic events, since they do not have a standing military. The National Emblem was enacted as recent as 1998 and depicts historical events in the design with a sailing ship and land formations. The National Symbol of Labor is a typical street cart, which was decreed in 1988. Costa Rica has a very strong labor party and is proud of their working class and agricultural heritage (S. Bermudez, interview by the author, April 23, 2014).