This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Counsellors Are ‘Born’ Not ‘Made’ Essay

1887 words - 8 pages

Introduction:
The title of this essay is Counsellors are ‘Born’ not ‘Made’. The purpose of this assignment is to discuss, and attempt to inform the reader of what makes a good Counsellor, or Therapist’s as they are often referred to. Both sides of the debate will be analyzed, ultimately leading to some conclusion. Are they born? Or are they made? Or is it the possibility that both heredity factors, in addition to their education and life experiences, are required for the skills which counsellors acquire?

Recently there has been a great expansion in delivery and diversity that prevails among counsellors in the present era. Examples such as marriage, bereavement, financial, sport, life ...view middle of the document...

The treatments used for depression included bathing, and for psychosis there was the barbaric practice of ‘blood letting’. However, they observed that when conversing with encouraging and consoling words, this had a positive effect in the outcomes of these early treatments (Haggerty Jim). So someone may declare that the phrase ‘it’s good to talk’ had its origins in ancient Greece.
Jim Haggerty also describes that with the fall of the Roman Empire in the middle ages mental illness once again was blamed on the possession of the supernatural, and the use of torture was often used to obtain confessions from ‘possessed individuals’.
The first person to use Psychotherapy, which is also called talk therapy, therapy, or counselling, was a physician called Paracelsus (1493-1541). In 1853 an English psychiatrist called Walter Cooper Dendy first introduced the term “psycho-therapeia”.
According to the Counselling Directory http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/history.html Counselling and Psychotherapy theories were being developed during the early to mid 20th century. The now more famous and recognized of these was a neurologist named Sigmund Freud. His study of the human mind began in 1881. Freud named his method psychoanalysis and continued his practice until the 1930's. He is regarded today as the ‘Father’ of psychoanalysis, even though the term “psycho-therapeia” was coined in 1853.
According to the same source http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/history.html the field of Counselling quickly expanded during the 1940's and 1950's. There are now regarded to be three general types of psychological therapies; behavioural therapies, psychoanalytical, psychodynamic therapies, and humanistic therapies.
Below is a brief description of the three main disciplines:
Behavioural Therapies:
In an article published in SimplyPhycology by McLeod, S. A. (2008). Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is described as when someone thinks’, feels, and act’s, all of these interact together, and by observing and analyzing these separate states, an approopate plan of action can be implemented and outcomes can be achieved.
Psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies:
Based on a book by Kendra Cherry, titled ‘The everything Psychology Book’ she states that this type of therapy is based upon the theories and work of Sigmund Freud. In this book she says, like Freud, Psychoanalytic therapy looks at how the unconscious mind influences our thoughts and behaviour. Equipped with this knowalage this can empower oneself to understand such influences, and by identifying and analising these subconscious thoughts, which are the ‘driving forces’ that definds ones behaviour, a better outcome can be achieved by the practice of phychoanalis.

Humanistic therapies:
In the same article published by McLeod, S. A. (2008). He describes that humanistic therapies evolved mostly in the USA in the 1950s. The most famously regarded example is one by Carl Rodgers. He believed that in order for...

Find Another Essay On Counsellors are ‘Born’ not ‘Made’

Are leaders made or born? Essay

550 words - 2 pages Leadership is the ability to make use of influence over other people. A leader is a person who rules, guides or inspires others. There is a clear distinction between someone who possesses the ability to lead and someone who does not. However, what are the origins of leadership? Are some people just naturally born to be leaders? Or is leadership simply a full package with skills that can be learned by anyone, regardless the personality the

Are Leaders Born or Made Essay

2214 words - 9 pages leaders are made since extensive training is required in any case, therefore those who considers that leaders are born will not be able to explain why then leadership training and development classes are held in order to make a leader more effective.Garner (2005) opposes to this saying that leaders are born however it takes certain efforts in order to become a leader, he says that it is not enough to be born with certain qualities a person also

leader are made or born

817 words - 3 pages of them. However, human are born with certain genetic predisposition but that is not responsible to foster the leadership qualities as leaders are made through their intelligence, motivation and experience.To begin with, intelligence is a prime factor that is very essential to be in the position of the leader. At the time of birth human mind is like a blank sheet of paper. In the growth process, human mind fill up with education and knowledge

leader are born or made

817 words - 3 pages of them. However, human are born with certain genetic predisposition but that is not responsible to foster the leadership qualities as leaders are made through their intelligence, motivation and experience.To begin with, intelligence is a prime factor that is very essential to be in the position of the leader. At the time of birth human mind is like a blank sheet of paper. In the growth process, human mind fill up with education and knowledge

Are Leaders Born or Made?

1007 words - 5 pages are all skills I have years working towards improving. I am not an expert at any of them, nor do I think I will ever achieve perfection. A leader understands and is aware of where they were in the past, where they are now, and where they want to be in the future. They work diligently towards improving these qualities but understand the job is never done. They can always get better. In this way, leaders are self-made into the type of leader they want to become and not born with innate leadership qualities.

Are criminals born or made?

2101 words - 8 pages development, child-rearing that is not suitable or not administered in a nurturing environment can lead to criminality and deviance.Fourth, this discussion will argue that the social learning theory is of big importance when deciding whether criminals are born or made. Relevant empirical research by Bandura will be included to give evidence and strengthen the argument. It is concluded that criminal behaviour is learnt and environmental factors are of

Are Criminals Born or Made?

1903 words - 8 pages seen by some as a positive contribution to society, as noted by Durkheim (Kirby et al, 2000), although too much will lead to social instability, or anomie. In contrariety to Durkheim's beliefs, a Marxist perspective would consider the mere notion of capitalism as criminal; thus deeming the vast majority of global society to be in a constant state of anomie. However, there is still much dispute as to whether people are born, or made into

Leaders Are Born Or Made?

1803 words - 7 pages MALVIYA, S. 2011)Social factor -Company take the social responsibility by educating people as they have their own college. In the Indian society they are promoting employment for women even to the rural areas by starting new stores and encourage them to make new decision in developing their firm. (FUTURE GROUP - Social. 2011)Technological Factor -To make their work easy they had made their technology easy, so they had implemented SAP and LINUX for

Criminality……Are Criminals Born, or Made?

3193 words - 13 pages Criminality has been sociologically defined as a form of deviant behavior from the norm and the acceptable rules of society. A more generic definition of criminality is a behavioral predisposition that disproportionately favors criminal activity. It is based on the premise that the act or acts committed by an individual violates the natural rights that are given to the person by birth and or by right. The statement "Are criminals born, or made

Are We Born as Criminals? or Crminials are Made?

1342 words - 5 pages identifies with the nature vs. nurture debate. Criminality has been in presence from the beginning of time, where Cain killed his sibling capable. The huge inquiry is, are criminals born? Certainly not, perpetrating crime is most likely not something one is born with, nevertheless it occurs over time because of certain situations or circumstances that life tosses at an individual, such as family related problems, the environment that one grows up in

Homosexuals: Are They Born or Made That Way

1735 words - 7 pages heterosexual parents, sexual abuse, or are humans born gay? LGTBQ LGBTQ is an acronym referred to as queer or gay. ‘L’ stands for lesbian. A lesbian is a female who is attracted to members of the same sex. ‘G’ resembles gay which is one who has sexual or romantic attractions to members of the same gender or sex. The second term for the ‘G’ represents genderqueer. A genderqueer is one who feels he or she does not fit in society’s gender binary

Similar Essays

Writers Are Made, Not Born Essay

740 words - 3 pages into action on strategies that others used in their paper. After revisions are made be sure to acknowledge what others have said about your paper and take that advice into action. Time to do your celebration dance for all that is left is to take your revised paper and create a final draft. If you plan on handwriting this be sure to have a Black/Blue pen in hand because most instructors nowadays will not accept pencil. Don’t ask me why, I never

Men And Women Are Made Not Born

835 words - 3 pages In this essay I will write about how women and men are made not born. I will beintroducing different cultures and their views on men and women, how women at onestage in time did not have any rights to become what they wanted, I will give my ideas onthe subject and I will also research other authors work to get a different variety about whywomen and men are made not born.Firstly I will start by researching different cultures and their ways of

Rebels With Cause: Why Criminals Are Made, Not Born

996 words - 4 pages , social causes and drug abuse. This leads to the ongoing debate, are criminals born or made? To answer this question: criminals are not born, but develop as such through their life experiences.The majority of crime can be linked to economic causes. First, poverty is a growing concern in our country. "Children aged 4 to 11 years, in poor families, were in worse health, more hyperactive, had poorer vocabulary and math scores, participated in few sports

Leaders Are Born, Not Made: Looking Into Leadership Theories

814 words - 3 pages There has been constant debate on weather leaders are born or are they made. There are leadership theories to support this statement or to disprove this statement. This idea is backed up by the trait theory which says that all good leaders are born with special traits that helps them become a good leader, and people with out those traits will not be able to become good leaders. However with the behavioral theories, things are focused on what a