The title of this essay is Counsellors are ‘Born’ not ‘Made’. The purpose of this assignment is to discuss, and attempt to inform the reader of what makes a good Counsellor, or Therapist’s as they are often referred to. Both sides of the debate will be analyzed, ultimately leading to some conclusion. Are they born? Or are they made? Or is it the possibility that both heredity factors, in addition to their education and life experiences, are required for the skills which counsellors acquire?
Recently there has been a great expansion in delivery and diversity that prevails among counsellors in the present era. Examples such as marriage, bereavement, financial, sport, life ...view middle of the document...
The treatments used for depression included bathing, and for psychosis there was the barbaric practice of ‘blood letting’. However, they observed that when conversing with encouraging and consoling words, this had a positive effect in the outcomes of these early treatments (Haggerty Jim). So someone may declare that the phrase ‘it’s good to talk’ had its origins in ancient Greece.
Jim Haggerty also describes that with the fall of the Roman Empire in the middle ages mental illness once again was blamed on the possession of the supernatural, and the use of torture was often used to obtain confessions from ‘possessed individuals’.
The first person to use Psychotherapy, which is also called talk therapy, therapy, or counselling, was a physician called Paracelsus (1493-1541). In 1853 an English psychiatrist called Walter Cooper Dendy first introduced the term “psycho-therapeia”.
According to the Counselling Directory http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/history.html Counselling and Psychotherapy theories were being developed during the early to mid 20th century. The now more famous and recognized of these was a neurologist named Sigmund Freud. His study of the human mind began in 1881. Freud named his method psychoanalysis and continued his practice until the 1930's. He is regarded today as the ‘Father’ of psychoanalysis, even though the term “psycho-therapeia” was coined in 1853.
According to the same source http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk/history.html the field of Counselling quickly expanded during the 1940's and 1950's. There are now regarded to be three general types of psychological therapies; behavioural therapies, psychoanalytical, psychodynamic therapies, and humanistic therapies.
Below is a brief description of the three main disciplines:
In an article published in SimplyPhycology by McLeod, S. A. (2008). Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is described as when someone thinks’, feels, and act’s, all of these interact together, and by observing and analyzing these separate states, an approopate plan of action can be implemented and outcomes can be achieved.
Psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies:
Based on a book by Kendra Cherry, titled ‘The everything Psychology Book’ she states that this type of therapy is based upon the theories and work of Sigmund Freud. In this book she says, like Freud, Psychoanalytic therapy looks at how the unconscious mind influences our thoughts and behaviour. Equipped with this knowalage this can empower oneself to understand such influences, and by identifying and analising these subconscious thoughts, which are the ‘driving forces’ that definds ones behaviour, a better outcome can be achieved by the practice of phychoanalis.
In the same article published by McLeod, S. A. (2008). He describes that humanistic therapies evolved mostly in the USA in the 1950s. The most famously regarded example is one by Carl Rodgers. He believed that in order for...