Countries with English as a Second Language

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

An introduction is the first point in everything we want to do. In this proposal writing, the first chapter is introduction, which contains Background of the Study, Reason for Choosing the Topic, Statement of the Problem, Objective of the Study, Hypothesis, Limitation of the Problem, Significance of the Study, Definition of Key Terms and Organization of the Research.
1.1 Background of the Study
One of language function is as a communication tool. Some countries use English as a second language, for example Malaysia and Singapore. In Indonesia, English is a foreign language. The Indonesian government chooses English as the first foreign language to be taught in the schools such as in Junior High School (SMP), Senior High School (SMA) and University. It is important for students to learn the language because English is not only an international language but also a language of science.
Some students feel difficult to master English because they only get a few times to learn and practice it every week in the school. Learning English involves mastery of four skills such as listening, reading, speaking and writing. Writing skill is more complex and difficult skill to be taught because it is not only requiring mastery on grammatical and rhetorical devices but also on conceptual and judgement devices (Heaton, 1975:138). Therefore, the teacher should be creative in delivering the lesson, in order to attract their interestsof the students with the topic being taught. Teaching is not easy but it is very important and rewarding when teachers see the students can achive the teaching learning process target.
Some students think that Englishis difficult and makes them stressful. However, the teacher can make it enjoyable. The teacher has to change the students mindset that learning English is fun and easy. A teacher should create a classroom atmosphere conducively. In addition, doing some interactions between a teacher and students such as using the ice breaking technique during the beginning in the class to reduce tension, like giving simple games, practicing say tongue twister and another games to the students.
Most of Indonesian students get problem about their writing. Sometimes the students can express their ideas orally but they can not tell what they think and what they want to say in a piece of paper. Since, writing is much more challenging than speaking. In speaking, students do not need very accurate grammar, but in writing they should use grammar correctly and make outlines of ideas to make easy in writing process.
When the teachers ask students to write something, they need a long time to find what topic they are going to write. When ideas are coming to their mind and they start writing, sometimes they get stuck in a point and find difficulties to elaborate their ideas. Since there are four common problems in writing, they are in content, organizing, vocabulary and grammar.
The first is content, the students should...

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