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Country Report: Spain

1127 words - 5 pages

Spain is a country which occupies most of the Iberian peninsula of Europe. Spain also governs several sets of islands, such as the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The Spanish culture, language, and people, occupy the majority of the land owned by Spain. Spain’s current population is approximately 47 million people. About 80% of the population is of Spanish heritage (Spain Population 2013). Spain is a Constitutional government, run by King Juan Carlos and it is a member of the European Union.
As previously stated, the population of Spain is approximately 47 million. The bulk of the population is between the ages 25-54 and the population is the lowest between ages 15-24 (United States Bureau of the Census). When compared to the populations of the countries of the world, it rests at number 29 (United States Bureau of the Census). Although the majority of the Spaniards are similar to one another when comparing ethnicity and culture, there is some diversity present. The main ethnic group consists of the Spaniards that are native to the land. Along with the group previously mentioned, other immigrant groups from North Africa, Asia, and European countries also occupy the country. Since the Natives make up approximately 80% of the population, the country is minimally diverse. As of 2013, the population growth rate is approximately 0.73%, which is low in comparison to most other countries (United States Bureau of the Census). The birth rate still exceeds the death rate therefore, the population continues to grow.
Like any country Spain has gender roles when it comes to men and women. Some countries expect the women to play a more domestic role while the men are expected to serve as the providers. In these cases, women are rarely exposed to society, have little or no involvement in finances, and are expected to be the homemakers tending solely to domestic duties. This used to be the case for Spain, however, in recent years; Spain has made a large effort to accept discrepancy within gender roles.
When the constitution was initiated in 1978, it stated that, “men are now required, by Spanish law, to share half of the household chores, but they can also receive time off from work for parental care” (qtd. in Spain: Social Structure). Women now make up approximately 41% of Spain’s workforce. However, although females are being treated equally and freed from some of their domestic responsibilities, they still don’t receive equal pay. As of 2013, the pay gap between men and women is approximately 16% (European Statistical System). Although the country strongly supports gender equality, equal pay is not an obstacle that they have managed to overcome in the field of gender equality.
Eventhough some citizens may be concerned about the pay gap, Spain is also currently suffering form another problem. Spain is a country that is extremely vulnerable to climate change, which could cause potential...

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