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Court Cases That Deal With The 14th Amendment

2872 words - 11 pages

Katz v. United StatesArgued-1967, Decided-19674th amendment-search and seizureFederal Agents eavesdropped on a public phone booth used by Katz. Katz was then convicted under an 8 count indictment for illegal transmission of wagering info. from LA to Boston and Miami. Katz argued that the recordings could not be used against him as evidence, however, the Court of Appeals rejected his point, noting the absence of a physical intrusion into the phone booth itself. The Court granted certoiorai. The Court had to decide whether the 4th amendment protection against unreasonable searches and seizures require the police to obtain a warrant in order to wiretap a public pay phone. The Court held that was entitled to the 4th amendment protection for his conversations.Terry v. OhioArgued-1967, Decided-19684th amendment-search and seizureTerry and 2 men were watched by a plain clothed policeman in a "stick up." The officer stopped and frisked the 3 men, and found weapons on two of the men. Terry was convicted of carrying a concealed weapon and sentenced to 3 years in jail. The Court had to decide whether the search and seizure of terry and the men violated the 4th amendment. In an 8-1 decision, the Court ruled the search reasonable under the 4th amendment, and that the weapons could be introduced into evidence against Terry. The Court found that the searches undertaken were limited in power and designed to protect the officerNew Jersey v. T.L.O.Argued/Decided-19844th and 14th amendment- search and seizureT.L.O, 14-year-old girl, was found smoking in the girls bathroom at her high school. Her principal questioned her and searched her purse to find a bag of marijuana and other drugs. Did the search violate the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments? No. The Court ruled that the search did not violate the Constitution. The occurrence of rolling papers in the purse gave reasonable suspicion to the principal that T.L.O. may have been carrying drugs, and which then justified the search through her purse.California v. GreenwoodArgued-1988, Decided 19884th amendment-search and seizureBilly Greenwood was suspected of dealing drugs, however, the police did not have enough evidence for a warrant. The police then searched his garbage bags and found drugs, which was then used to gain a warrant to search his house. They found illegal substances and greenwood was arrested on felonly charges. The question that the Court had to decide was whether the waranteless search and seizure of Greenwood's garbage violated the 4th amendment of search and seizure. On a voting of 6-2, the Court ruled that the garbage at the curbside is unprotected by the 4th amendment. The Court state that there was no reasonable expectation of privacy for trash on public streets, and noted that the police cannot be expected to disregard criminal activity that can be observed by "any member of the public.'Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives' Assoc.Argued/Decided-1988/19894th amendment-search and seizureThe...

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