COVENANT OF GRACE
The New Testament portion of the Bible is widely accepted as the book of hope, grace, love and forgiveness. However, the Old Testament also provides evidence of God’s grace and love for his people. Richard Dawkins opposes this view of the Old Testament God .Richard Dawkins in his book, The God of Delusion states that the God of the Old Testament is a God who is unjust, unforgiving, and vindictive amongst many other negative human nature attributes. Richard Dawkins view of God in the Old Testament is far from a God of grace and love. The God of the Old Testament is a God who desires to have a relationship with his people .God created covenant relationships throughout the Old Testament, starting with Adam and Eve, then through Noah, Moses, Abraham and David. According to Eugene Merrill “a covenant is a written agreement or a promise usually under seal between two or more parties”. The Hebrew word for covenant appears in the Old Testament 285 times. The Israelites throughout the Old Testament would consistently fall short of the agreed covenant regulations with God, and God would continue to provide ways to reconcile with Israel. The examples of this are abundant and can be found in each book of the Old Testament. According to Richard Dawkins the God of the Old Testament is unforgiving, unjust, and vindictive. However the scripture can prove that through Gods covenant agreements, God was a God of grace, love and a God who has an unsurpassable capacity for forgiveness.
God’s graciousness can be shown through Gods establishment of the covenant agreements between God and Israel. In the Septuagint, five different covenants can be distinguished, however this narrative will focus on the relationship between the Abrahamic covenant, and the foundational groundwork it would establish for the Davidic covenant. The relationship between the Abrahamic Covenant and the Davidic Covenant shows God's Graciousness in His dealings with Israel.
The Abrahamic covenant in Genesis 12:1-5 established the first covenant agreement that was not conditional by law, but it was unconditional. Once it was established the promises that were made to Abraham would be continuous for generations to come. The Abrahamic covenant was significantly different from the former covenant with Adam and Eve, and would be the foundation for the unconditional Davidic covenant. In Genesis 12:1-5, God calls Abraham to leave his country, family and all of his material possessions to go to a foreign land which the Lord would reveal to him. In verse two, the scripture begins by making the covenant promises to Abraham. The promises to Abraham are threefold including: making him into a great nation, making his name great, blessing others who bless him and cursing those who curse Abraham. Unlike a conditional covenant which requires “If you, Then I” promises, these promises were established by the Lord, and only the Lord would be able to completely fulfill his...