Covenant Throughout The Old And New Testaments

1452 words - 6 pages

Agreements these days are usually typed contracts that are composed by a lawyer and signed in front of a witness. However, it has not always been so formal. During the years the Old Testament was written, agreements and deals were primarily verbal contracts between two participants. Those contracts took on many forms and different customs were associated with each. These contracts also called covenants and have many different uses and meanings throughout the bible. Some commitments made in these covenants had been accompanied by self-maledictory oaths or curses that would have been implemented if the covenants were violated (New International Version 25). There are numerous ways to translate the word covenant, and many different types of covenants that are in use throughout the Old and New Testaments.
In the Old Testament the covenants were used by the people to make agreements among themselves. God also participated in these agreements and made promises with specific people and tribes throughout the Old and New Testament. In the bible the word covenant means ‘to cut’ (Monk), which is why when two people made a covenant they would walk through the cut bodies of slain animals (New International Version, ( Jer 34;14). Although, it was customary for both parties to benefit from such an agreement, it was not always customary for the covenant to be mutual. Many of the covenants made between God and his followers were contingent upon their loyalty to him. “Covenant concepts, used for the relationship between God and his people, form a large part of the Bible's skeletal structure” (Foster 206). Most covenants had specific implications and between the participating individuals. There are different types of covenants currently in use in the bible that are composed of multiple elements. There are a number of views as to the literal meaning of covenant in the bible (Bingham 156). The current meaning is easy to understand; however, the exact meaning is not easy to understand. The Hebrew word for the translation of covenant is ‘berith,’ which we could derive the ideas of ‘bond’ or ‘bind’ (Bingham 156). Berith is used around 286 times in the bible in many different perspectives. Covenants are composed of five main elements: promises, stipulations, oaths, responsibilities, witnesses. The idea of a covenant basically and agreement, pact, contract, and agreement or arrangement (Bingham 156).
During the Old Testament years there were different styles or levels of covenants that were used between the different classes of people. In the bible there are three main types of covenant that are used: Royal Grant, Parity, and the Suzerain-Vassal. The Royal Grant is a grant of land or some other benefit from a king to his loyal subject for the subjects faithful and loyal service(NIV 25).There were a number of Royal Grants mad in the Old Testament, the lord made a Royal Grant with Noah in Genesis 9:8-17. The covenant that the Lord made with Noah was specifically made...

Find Another Essay On Covenant Throughout The Old and New Testaments

Combining of Old World Animals and the New World Environment

3377 words - 14 pages Combining of Old World Animals and the New World Environment On the morning of October 12, 1492, as Columbus and his fleet of three ships approached the majestic shores of the new world, it marked the end of one era and the beginning of another. Until this historic moment, the two continents had lived separately from each other, unaware of the other's existence. However, as Columbus and his crew set foot upon the New World, the flood gates

The Covenant, the Sword and the Arm of the Lord

1070 words - 4 pages The Covenant, the Sword and the Arm of the Lord What does the word "terrorist" bring to mind? Without even seeing the accused, most people in this country automatically assume this person is Middle-Eastern and Muslim. Although Stern's Terror in the Name of God focuses mainly on Islamic terrorists, it begins by addressing terrorist acts of a more homegrown variety. Stern interviews American terrorists here in the United States. The

The Merchant Of Venice And The Covenant Of The Bible

850 words - 3 pages , although Laban was hindered as a result. Shylock explains this concept to show his motives in accepting the contract between himself and Antonio are legal and reasonable. If the outcome should thwart Antonio, Shylock is not at fault. He is merely taking advantage of the contract within the given boundaries.The Covenant has a great deal to do with Launcelot Gobbo and his father, Old Gobbo, in Act Two, Scene Two, where they parallel Jacob and his

The Old Testament: Foreshadowing the New Testament

2485 words - 10 pages various accounts recorded in the Old Testament are prophetical in nature and foretell specific details about various events that will be fulfilled in New Testament times. Each of the six major sections carries its own unique overarching theme that will in some way tie into New Testament history and theology. The six major sections of Old Testament are: creation (Genesis 1-11), covenant (Genesis 12-50), congregation (Exodus-Deuteronomy), conquest

Comparision between old and new "Othello" stories

663 words - 3 pages makes no mention of Othello ever touching his wife. The only named character in Cinthio's story is Disdemona; the other characters are identified only as "the standard-bearer",meaning Iago, "the captain" who is Cassio, and "the Moor" which is Othello. In the original, the standard-bearer lusts after Disdemona, and is spurred to revenge when she rejects him. (Hecatommithi)Minor differences are evident throughout, such as the mode of Desdemona's

The Old America vs. The New America

948 words - 4 pages traditional beliefs. These were ideologies that were surfacing during the 1920’s. Much tension between the 'new America' and the 'old America' was caused by a number of wars and outbreaks (Lyndon). Religion and culture become one of the major conflict fronts. The American natives and the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) fought against the new cultural practices brought in by the immigrants. Traditional Protestants retained their religious beliefs but fought

Discuss the similarities and differences between ?new terrorism? and the more traditional model of ?old terrorism?

1906 words - 8 pages ideals of virtue and democracy ), through the revolutionary movement and finally to a religiously motivated act as it is mainly perceived today. Nevertheless, we have to ask ourselves whether “old” and “new” terrorism really exists, or maybe the phenomenon we are facing today reminds us an old wine in a new bottle. Two questions frame the discussed issue: 1.     What is the nature of “new” terrorism? 2.  &nbsp

Up the Yangtze: New vs. Old China and the Presentation of Culture

962 words - 4 pages knew no longer exists. This could be caused by normal change or the fast rising of the water, but the affect is the same. If his grandfather came back to China present day there is a good chance he would not recognize the place he previously called home. I believe this is one reason that they chose Yu and her family as a subject of this film. They demonstrate many of the old ways of China and much less of the new than I believe Chen’s family

Christopher Columbus, Corn and Potatoes: How the New World Fed the Old

754 words - 3 pages How the New World Fed the Old Christopher Columbus’ discoveries were widely known and highly influential, but more so, the things he brought back to his homeland would pave the way for future development. Food is and will always be one of the most essential elements for the survival of humanity. It is not surprising that the Old World (Europe) primarily developed the way it did because of the influence of food mostly derived from the New

A Crossing of Old and New: Riddle 55 of the Exeter Book

1848 words - 7 pages A Crossing of Old and New: Riddle 55 of the Exeter Book I saw in the hall, where heroes drank, carried onto the floor a wondrous woodtree of four kinds and wound gold, cunningly fastened treasure, and part of silver 5 and the sign of the cross, which He raised the ladder for us to heaven before He stormed the city of the inhabitants of hell. I can easily tell before noblemen the origin of this tree: there was

The Position of Royal Women throughout New Kingdom Egypt.

911 words - 4 pages The Position of Royal Women throughout New Kingdom EgyptIn most studies of Ancient Egyptian civilisations, the fundamental sources for our studies are the many hieroglyphics and reliefs that decorate the walls of the wondrous temples and tombs. These hieroglyphs and reliefs, are predominantly concerned with the political past of Egypt and the pursuits and achievements of the Royal Family. The information relating to the Royal Family is highly

Similar Essays

Justification In The Old And New Testaments

2369 words - 9 pages righteousness upon these people through His wonderful grace. They received this grace by having faith in God. The Old Testament unmistakeably teaches that righteousness comes through faith in God. It’s always been through faith in God that people become righteous and inherit His kingdom. The way to God hasn’t changed from the Old Testament to the New Testament (Mal. 3:6; Jam. 1:17; Heb 13:8). “By Faith” Martin Luther wrote that “Faith

Tyranny, The Old And The New

1818 words - 7 pages Extended Antigone Essay Tyranny, The Old and The NewSophocles' dramatization of pride in the play Antigone is very relevant to modern society. Creon's hubris, inability to admit his mistakes and to relate to Antigone's beliefs at the climax of the play is a struggle between a people and it's government that can be related to the recent uprisings across the world, specifically the uprising in the Ukraine. Antigone is based around the story of a

Worship In The Old And New Testament

2122 words - 8 pages Introduction Worship is a topic that appears frequently in the Old and New Testament and that is still very relevant to believers today. Many Biblical authors write about worship and the various ways believers worship God in the Bible. Everything from the book of Psalm, where every line leads believers to praise God because of his attributes and his works of salvation, to the Gospels that cause believers to praise God because of the

Out With The Old And In With The New

1845 words - 7 pages Out With The Old And In With The New Snuggled between the background of the Cal Poly campus and the mountains, lie bright green grassy fields sweeping over the sloping terrain. The brilliance of the sun on the picturesque scenery makes for just the right lighting. The numerous bulls that inhabit the Bull Test Area are lazily slouching in their spacious pen and chomping at their breakfast. Apart from the mellow bovines, on the