Born First, Born Smarter Experiment Essay

659 words - 3 pages

Born First, Born Smarter Experiment

The experiment that I read was "Born First, Born Smarter". It was a study done by R. B. Zajonc and G. B. Markus in 1975. They planned to see why recent research had determined that the first-born child in a family related to certain characteristics. It was round that first-born children tend to be more verbally articulate, less impulsive, more active, better performers in school, more likely to go to college, and tend to have a greater need to achieve. It was also found that earlier-born children tend to score higher on tests of intelligence and aptitude than those born into the family later. One of the things researchers looked at was the different environments that a first-born and second-born enter into. The first born enters a world of just two adults. The second child's environment is significantly different because it enters a world of two adults and one young child. I believe this would have a big effect on the second child because he/she's parents will have to give attention to the first-born along with the second-born.
Zajonc and Markus developed a theory to explain the relationship between birth order and intelligence. Their study was somewhat unusual because Zajonc and Markus never actually came into contact with any subjects, never observed any subjects, and never asked subjects to do anything. Instead of actually coming into contact with their subjects, Zajonc and Markus applied their theory to a set of data that had been gathered and published by other researchers, Belmont and Marolla. Belmont and Marolla gave 350,000 Dutch males a "Raven" test, which is similar to an I.Q. test. They found a strong relationship between the birth order of the men and their scores on the Raven test. The scores decreased as family size increased and also declined with birth order.
Using the information...

Find Another Essay On Born First, Born Smarter Experiment

How Birth Order Affects Personality Essay

1281 words - 5 pages child means that child is somewhat of an experiment for the parents. It also means they will be the only child to have their parents to themselves without them focusing on another child. The second born is likely to contain many of the same qualities of a first born, if he or she is the opposite gender as the previous (Voo, Jocelyn). Parents are likely to be just as attentive to the first born of that gender, having only dealt with and experienced

Double-Slit Experiment Essay

1157 words - 5 pages observing of behaviors itself influences the behavior being observed, measured, or monitored. Examples of quantum mechanics can be observed in the Schrodinger’s experiment entitled Schrodinger’s Cat and the Double-Slit Experiment of Thomas Young. The Double-Slit Experiment was first performed in the year 1801. Young had begun by shining light through small slits in a screen, when he brought the slits closer together he found that it created

Playing God?

948 words - 4 pages want to. In the story “Flowers for Algernon” the main character Charlie Gordon is going through and experiment to enhance his IQ to make him a genius. Making his intelligence made him smarter but it has made him too smart. He has become too smart for the woman he likes Ms.Kinnian. In the story Charlie lost his job and is getting rejected for his sudden intelligence. He says “This intelligence has driven a wedge between me and all the people I

Essay: Flowers of Algeron, Was it an ethical experiment

1702 words - 7 pages about the experiment. ane ethical experiment is thought to be one in which the costs are equal to the benefits. The costs of the experiment in regards to Charlie's health outweigh the benefits.In light of the text, Charlie Gordon did not fully comprehend what the experiment was about and what was involved such as the risks or benefits. Form the text, all the readers knows, the that the experiment could make him smarter. Throughout the beginning of

Symbolism in Flowers For Algernon - Fictional English Literature - topical essay

1230 words - 5 pages entered his life, Professor Nemur and Dr. Strauss. They conducted an experiment that can cause an IQ to raise. It was first tested on mice and the only successful one was named Algernon. First they put Charlie through a series of tests to see his mental level. One of those tests included an inkblot test that really stood out to Charlie. They then used the same procedure on him that they used on Algernon in the hopes that he would get smarter. The

Book Report of Anthem by Ayn Rand

780 words - 3 pages Book Report of Anthem by Ayn Rand The book Anthem was written by Ayn Rand and was first published by Signet in 1961. The book was about a boy and a girl trying to find themselves. They do not follow the rules. They do the opposite of what they are supposed to do. Eventually they discover the word I, and live happily ever after. Anthem takes place in a city that is moving backwards instead of forwards. Everybody is born in the Home

Unethical Experiments

1589 words - 6 pages the end, 28 died directly from syphilis, 100 dead of related complication, 40 of their wives got infected, and 19 of their children were born with congenital syphilis. The hospital used the experiment as an advantage for recognition from the government. Even when the first cure for syphilis came in the 1940s, the Tuskegee was denied the medication. 250 of the black men registered for the draft were told to get the medication, but were denied

Changeable Personality

906 words - 4 pages smile which creates the opposite of Charlie wanted. Charlie was born to smile which most people cannot do. It is evident that the operation made Charlie loses friends because it was not his true personality. The new Charlie is getting more selfish and selfish as he is getting smarter. Charlie has been a self-centered, He does not care about anyone else. All he wants is not to lose his intelligent and keep reading and writing without any

The Relationship Between Birth Order and Intelligence

1227 words - 5 pages participants not to be influenced by previous birth order researches, they were not informed in advance that the result would be published or used in any textbook. Their first experiment asked participants to write down the birth order of their siblings, including themselves. Then, they were required to mark the sibling who has the best academic performance. The outcomes “are consistent with previous evidence that firstborns are more achieving

Seeing Through the Eyes of a Child

1867 words - 8 pages of MLK’s assassination where white men sat around discussing ‘those people’ and ‘those communities,’ as if black Americans were somehow not a part of America. The patronizing and condescending talk was too much and Elliott responded with her experiment (PBS Film). The experiment consisted of Elliot dividing her class by those with blue eyes and those with brown. On the first day, the blue-eyed children were told they were “smarter, nicer, neater

Does Music have Positive Effects on the Mind?

1777 words - 7 pages difficulties in establishing and maintaining human contact for prolonged periods of time but with the introduction of music therapy, it can make the contacts much more pleasurable and can help establish relationships between performers. (Dimitriadis, Theo, Henk, Smeijesters 108-122) A girl named Sharon, who was born with ASD, attended sessions with a woman named Helen M for music therapy. Sharon arrived kicking and screaming, showing no desire

Similar Essays

Born First, Born Smarter? The Study Of Who Would Be More Articulate?

947 words - 4 pages Born First, Born Smarter?1. What the researchers were trying to learnThere have been many theories heard about how birth order has influenced your development. Several studies have found that the first born child tends to be more articulate, more active, less impulsive, a better achiever in school and is more likely to go to college. It is important to know that these findings are general trends and do not apply to every member of every family

Titus Andronicus: An Anachronistic Obsession Over First Born Sons

1511 words - 7 pages he included the evils of hypocrisy which allow for realistic interest regardless of what your religious or political stance is. Moreover, I would argue that Shakespeare exposes a more obvious anachronistic element that can serve in expanding Moschovakis’ arguments. Titus Andronicus demonstrates the time honored obsession over first born sons, and because the play includes a first born son in each family that is introduced, I think the claim

An Infant Crying Is A Behavioral Trait Of All New Born Babies. An Infant's First Instinct When Born Is To Cry. Why Do Infants Cry?

695 words - 3 pages Critical Observation PaperSubject A being the parent was observing subject B being the infant. Subject A observes that subject B cries for various reasons. When an infant expresses a need to cry it is the parents responsibility to find out why they are crying. A primary trait of infants is to cry when they want to communicate their needs and discomforts that require some attention. The parent primarily needs to make sure the infant is not in any

Flowers For Algernon Essay

1042 words - 4 pages to a super genius, who has come to the realization that this human experiment is wrong, which is in turn Keyes universal message.In the novel Flowers For Algernon, one of the messages that Keyes tries to make evident is, with a change in one's intellectuality there is also a change in one's life and identity. After receiving the surgery, and after becoming a genius, Charlie also begins to see that not only is he becoming smarter, but his