Creationism vs. Evolution
This paper will focus on the huge controversy between Creationism and Evolution. I will
provide two opposing viewpoints on this subject. First, the discussion will focus on the
question of why many people believe that God created the universe and all living things.
On the other end of the spectrum, scientific information will be presented that
substantiates the evidence against the existence of God. This creationism counter-argument known as evolution has its roots in our contemporary understanding of a progressive process of natural evolution. This process shaped the nature of all living things beginning with single-cell organisms and ending with highly complex creatures such as humanoids.
There are two possibilities in relation to the origin of life: Either a supernatural being (God) created life or all life evolved on its own. Many people, who are known as
creationists believe that God created the earth and all the creatures in it. Then there are those who believe in evolution, which is supported by a plethora of facts and theories. Darwin is the most famous person associated with the theory of evolution. He suggested that humans had evolved, over a long period of time, from lower primates. He is also famous for the concept that coined the phrase “survival of the fittest.”
Darwin’s evolutionary theory of life on earth argues that present day creatures that roam
the earth are the outcome of billions of years in adaptations to constantly changing
environments. Evolution is the idea that while organisms exhibit certain traits, they are not fixed and are able to be altered through progressive adaptation. Adaptation occurs through the passing of traits from an organism parent to its offspring via inheritance. As the environment changes, organisms advance with newer traits allowing them to reproduce more frequently than organisms without the new trait. Because of this, each consecutive generation will exhibit more offspring with the more successful trait. The phrase “survival of the fittest” is derived from the process of continuous adaptation and selective survival based on most successful inherited traits. (Biographies, 2000).
Even though many people believe that the theory of evolution was Darwin’s personal idea and creation, several of his thoughts actually existed before his time. Back in time of the ancient Greeks, the concept of life evolving came about. Two Greek philosophers,
Anaximander and Empedocles had theories stating that all animals, as well as human beings, began in the vast waters of the earth, the oceans. From these theories, it was said that some animals left their natural habitat, the water, and adapted to life on land. Furthermore, the Greeks wrote about natural selection, but they did not provide a specific explanation as to how evolution would work. Because of these already known facts, the focal point of Charles Darwin’s theory was formed and an...