This chapter include theories, useful for this project, of leadership and creativity, imaginization. In addition, I try to discuss what are perspectives of leadership, how people understand it. As a result, this way should help me answer into problem formulation.
First of all, according to Matthew R. Fairholm, (Fairholm, 2004) there are two different approaches to studying leadership. First one and the most popular is a focus on the leader, suggesting that the best way to understand leadership is when we studying concrete individuals in concrete situation. In addition, supporters of this method mainly focus on the qualities, behaviours of those who state to be or are given the title of leader. (Fairholm, 2004). In other words, in this approach leadership is what leaders are or do, thus meaning of ledership acquire from the work of the leader. Hence, leaders define leadership.
The second approach notice that when there is studying individual leaders then we cannot get the general understanding of leadership. „This approach rejects the idea that leadership is a summation of the qualities, behaviors, or situational responses of individuals in a position of authority at the head of organizations. “ (Fairholm, page 579, 2004). Thus supporter of this approach agree that leadership is something bigger than leader - they agree that leadership includes all how we can define who leader may be. Therefore, the meaning of „leader“or who may be a leader depends on the leadership techniques presented, not post held. In this way, we can say that mostly we need pay attention in the leadership as a job in which leader have to accept responsibility for the wrong decisions, take the initiative to change situation, plan, organize the team job, delegate the task to people with the right skills, etc., so this is not just a position which offers to you a higher post and a better salary, but more likely it offers to you higher level of responsibility. Moreover, this approach is philosophical which guides how government managers view leadership.
In this part of the project I have to know what leadership perspectives are, how people imagine leaders. Thus, this could help me answer into first part of my problem formulation.
Firstly, According to, Gil Fairholm reasearch he finds out that people have at least five different perspectives on leadership. These perspectives not just show how people understand leadership but also how one model can be...