Babies by Design
Ronald M Green has presented this book well. He has produced helpful and interesting introduction to ethical issues that surround the use of genetic technologies. Some of these issues are; should athletes be allowed to use gene doping and modify there genes so the have an advantage against other players. Should people be allowed to modify their children’s gene so they are tailored in such a way to make them superior? These are just a few of the many issues that are brought up consistently through out the book. This book is very ideal to newcomers that have no prior knowledge of genetics or bioethics and is written in a charming and clever style.
Green’s position throughout all these issues an extremely conservative. He thinks there should be a line drawn between the ability to advance genetic technologies to help genetic disorders and genetic enhancement of offspring. However this presents risk to individuals, family, and society as a whole. He is very optimistic that these risks can be overcome. When contemplating our genetic future only potential disaster is seen like engineering individuals to be particular excellent at a certain skill set like sports where it would take the fairness out of the game. But is naturally given the genes to be great at a sport fair to individuals who are not. Another potential disaster is offspring and society start enhancing them selves, thus leading to the possibility that over time there will be massive segregation between upper and lower classes. Upper class will be able to afford to have genetic engineering done to them or there offspring while lower class will not so they have no chance to lift there selves out of this class hence eliminating the middle class altogether. Green comments on these concerns and risk numerous times throughout the book for example “Whether our quest for improved human qualities and performance will expose future generations to terrible risks” (Green 83) also “The likelihood of reinforcing prejudice and unjust inequality is a serious concern” (Green 226). Some of these concerns can be avoided as long as we are careful and do not let people abuse the technology and have regulatory laws in place that inhibit abuse.
Green and I both agree on parental autonomy, which is the right the parents have to undertake genetic changes that they believe will benefit their child or enhance their life by eliminating a disorder from their genetic code. One way to avoid inherited diseases is through embryo selection, which is when an embryo is fertilized outside the body, and only those with certain genes are implanted into the womb. Green uses numerous amounts of exerts from fiction novels in his book to help present a real fact or concern. In one of these exerts everyone is genetically engineered to be excellent at school but there is one girl who isn’t she is shunned in class because she cannot mentally compete with all the other students...