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Crime And Forensic Technology Essay

1572 words - 7 pages

Our modern world is riddled with crime. But with the most recent revolutions in forensic technology, organized crime has been on its way down. However, another danger has risen in popularity over the last few centuries; alcohol. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 10,288 people died from crashes caused by a drunk driver in 2010 alone. Drunkenness is also one of the highest contributors to rape in the United States, since rape/sexual assault requires that the victim does not give consent OR that the victim is unable to give consent, and being intoxicated by alcohol is classified as unable to give consent due to alcohol’s ability to impair one’s judgement. (Al ...view middle of the document...

Many people hid their liquor in hip flasks, false books, hollow canes, and anything else they could find. There were also illegal speakeasies which replaced saloons soon after the start of Prohibition. By 1925, there were over 100,000 speakeasies in New York City alone. As good as the idea sounded, Prohibition was far easier to proclaim than to enforce. With only 1,550 federal agents and over 18,700 miles of extensive coastline, it was quite impossible to prevent large quantities of liquor from entering the country. Barely five percent of smuggled liquor was hindered from coming into the country through the 1920s. Additionally, the illegal liquor industry was under the control of organized gangs, which subdued most authorities. Many bootleggers shielded their business by bribing the authorities, namely federal agents and persons of high political status. (Prohibtion, Rayner Kelsey).
As a result of the lack of enforcement of the Prohibition Act and the creation of an illegal industry, an increase in crime transpired. The Prohibitionists hoped that the Volstead Act would decrease drunkenness in America and thereby decrease the crime rate, particularly in large cities. Although towards the beginning of Prohibition this purpose seemed to be satisfied, the crime rate soon skyrocketed to nearly twice what it had been previously. Serious crimes, such as homicide, assault, and battery, increased nearly 13 percent, while other crimes involving victims increased 9 percent. Many supporters of Prohibition argued that the crime rate decreased. However, the only true decrease was in minor crimes like swearing, mischief, and vagrancy. High crimes, such as homicide and burglaries, increased 24 percent between 1920 and 1921. In addition, the number of federal convicts over the course of the Prohibition period increased 561 percent. As a result of one bad law, public regard for all laws diminished. (Prohibtion, Rayner Kelsey).

The contributing factor to the sudden increase of felonies was the organization of crime, especially in large cities. Because liquor was no longer legally available, the public turned to criminals who readily took on the bootlegging industry and supplied them with liquor. On account of the industry being so profitable, more gangsters became involved in the money-making business. Criminal groups readily organized around the steady source of income provided by laws against victimless crimes such as alcohol consumption. As a result of the money involved in the bootlegging industry, there was much rivalry between gangs. The profit motive caused over four hundred gang related murders a year in Chicago alone. (The Roaring Twenties Biographies).
Incidentally, large cities were the main location for organized gangs. Although there were over half a dozen powerful gangs in New York, Chicago was the capital of the racketeers, including Johnny Torrio, “Bugs” Moran, the Gennas, and the O'Banion's. The most powerful and infamous bootlegger, by far, was...

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