Crime And The Media. Essay

2124 words - 8 pages

CRIME AND THE MEDIAA comparative study of two UK national newspapersIntroductionA comparative study of two media forms such as newspapers is conducted using a simple systematic approach. This approach involves taking sections of the articles within the newspaper and analysing them on various factors such as imagery, context, lexis, grammar and linguistics. We understand imagery to be any form of graphical information, context as the main story and the principle ideas it portrays, lexis as the actual vocabulary used, grammar as the arrangement of the lexis and linguistics as language devices such as persuasive or informative approaches. Looking at these variables within an article will enable a comparison to be drawn as it is the similarities and differences which help to identify the form which conveys the correct message and that which conveys the opposite.The two newspapers which I have chosen to compare are a 'quality' broadsheet paper, 'The Times' (London) and a 'red-top' tabloid paper, the 'Daily Mirror'. This selection will represent news articles aimed at certain social groups. The Times, as it is a 'quality' newspaper is expected to be read by middle and upper class social groups where as the Daily Mirror is a newspaper more likely to be read by those in lower and working class social groups. This split exists due to the content of both papers which has a particular target group that it is aimed towards attracting. It is generally seen that the split of social groups through the media is part of a modern society and is now accepted. Tabloid papers today have a certain criteria to meet, certainly when thinking about their audience groups. For example, male lower and working class groups tend to want to read sport coverage with wit and some slander towards the team they do not support. A tabloid newspapers sport section would provide them with this information. On the other hand, a broadsheet such as The Times would have a sport section, but a more sophisticated and unbiased commentary of sport would be presented, as those of higher social class tend to dismiss any slander or bias. This split is most representative in cases such as these.My comparison of the two newspapers focuses on the issue of UK crime. In order for me to approach this comparison, I have conducted a content analysis on both the newspapers for a week, the findings of which are quite interesting.Content analysis is similar to surveying. In terms of crime related content analysis, it involves running through the newspapers main UK news section and finding how many crime related articles there are in comparison to the total number of UK news articles. As a percentage, this figure can then be cross compared with the other newspaper. A further study of the articles then proposes several questions. These questions relate to specific details about the crime such as the victim and offenders gender and age as well as the newspapers view on the story. A linguistic analysis is also...

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