This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Crime Control Essay

1249 words - 5 pages

In this essay an examination will be explored of some of the strengths and limitations of rational-choice based perspectives of crime control, also there will an explanation of how developmental theories have recently informed our understanding of criminal behavior as a developmental process. Rational choice theories have as a starting point the idea that offenders seek to get some benefit to themselves by their criminal behavior, that they seek to gain that benefit by conscious decisions that they make, and that these decision, no matter how basic, reveal a measure of rationality. (Cornish and Clarke, 1986) There were several factors that were determined to have an influence on the choice a person might make to commit a burglary, for example, they would include background factors, like psychological, previous learning experiences, generalized needs, perceived solutions and reaction to chance events. The rational choice theory acknowledges situational variables and recognizes their importance to specific criminal events. (Cornish and Clarke, 1986) One of the main limitations of this theory is that at its very core is the idea of a reasoning offender, therefore it does not adequately take into account the empirical evidence that many criminals commit their crimes impulsively, and without “counting the cost” of their criminal activity. Also, this theory does not adequately take into account the pathology that engulfs many criminals, and the strong influence that they have on decisions that they make.
Rational choice theories not only seek to explain the decisions that some people make, but also to help us to better understand decisions that others don’t make. We therefore have an examination of deterrence theories. Traditionally, there have been two ideas as to how deterrence controls crime, First, General deterrence, refers to the effects that legal sanctions have on the public at large, and refers to the deterrent effect of indirect experiences with punishment (Stafford and Warr, 1993). Second, Specific deterrence: referees to the effects sanctions have on a specific individual. Stafford and Warr, 1993 acknowledge that what sanctions have in common is they acknowledge the importance of an experience with legal sanctions in deterring persons from committing crimes, or a rational choice that they make. Although they re-conceptualize this idea, and expound on this notion with the idea of “punishment avoidance,” they acknowledge that this idea is difficult to observe; which would be one of the limitations of this perspective, although they devised some interesting mechanisms to quantify its affect on crime reduction. They treat and measure punishment avoidance as analytically different from actually experiencing suffering from punishment. Their re-conceptualizing would make it unnecessary to formulate separate general and specific deterrence theories, but there would only be a need for a single theory that would emphasize indirect experiences...

Find Another Essay On Crime Control

Gun Control and Crime Rates Essay

1098 words - 5 pages Does gun control reduce crime rates? Actually, gun control does not significantly reduce crime. In fact, strict gun control regulations do not stop criminals from getting guns because only law-abiding citizens comply with the law. In contrast, criminals do not obey gun control laws just as they do not obey many other laws. Gun advocates argue that less available guns results in less crime, however research has shown the opposite. Gun control is

Can Crime Control be Justified? Essay

1341 words - 5 pages Over time, our nation has swung the balance towards the crime control model and thus puts more and more emphasis on the reduction of street level crime. Street level crime consists of everything from burglary, rape, and all types of drug felonies. These crimes cost American people millions of dollars a year, whether it is in direct effect from a crime or it has to do with the after affects of a crime.With the increase of the assembly line effect

Crime Control versus Due Process

1661 words - 7 pages The American judicial system's need for an effective strategy to combat crime has been a continuously debated issue. While employing the adversarial models of crime control and due process, America struggles to find balance on a pendulum between individual rights and social order. In this window of opportunity, crime control and due process are examined and reflected into the eyes of society.The primary goals of the American Criminal Justice

Gun Control Laws Will NOT Reduce Crime

1777 words - 7 pages has been studying guns and their effect in violence and crime (Tucci 1). Kleck has written many books about gun control and self-defense, and received the Michael J. Hindelang award in 1993. Kleck studied 2,000 households and found that guns have been used more for self-defense than committing crimes. Kleck did research in 1993 on self-defense and found much information regarding crime versus self-defense. Research has found that robbery and

Does Gun Control Lower Crime Rates?

1724 words - 7 pages harder for criminals to get their weapons or are they already coming from illegal sources? Deciding whether gun control is helpful or harmful will involve looking at places in the world with strict gun control, and places with little gun control. Firearms have been a part of America's history from the beginning. Recently, guns have become a problem in the United States. Is gun control helpful or harmful in decreasing the crime rate in the United

Gun Control Laws Will Increase Crime

2985 words - 12 pages tragedy. Firearms can be used for both self-defense and crime, but most people only focus on the latter. Those who support gun control focus in isolation on the use of firearms in mass shootings while ignoring the fact that firearms can also be used to prevent such tragedies as well. In 2007, for example, a gunman entered New Life Church in Colorado Springs, and shot and killed two girls. Fortunately, former Police Chief Jeanne Assam drew her

Gun Control Will Not Reduce Crime

1367 words - 5 pages Introduction The implementation of gun control in the United states is a large problem as it will take away the 2nd Amendment rights and would also stop the ability of law abiding citizens to protect themselves from criminals who obtain guns illegally. The right to bear arms is promised to citizens of the United States, and to put gun control into effect is to take away their Constitutional rights. Crime is very high in cities that have few

Gun Control Does Not Reduce Crime

1248 words - 5 pages control debate claim statistics support their side. I'd like to think I'm being as impartial here as possible (as opposed to most people, who think they are biased). I decided to do this comparison after I read this web page, which implies a correlation between Brady score and murders. The Brady Campaign is an anti-gun group; they give each state a score 0-100 based on how strict its gun laws are. I'll use their scores as a gauge of how strict gun

Gun Control Laws Will NOT Reduce Crime

2339 words - 9 pages “I have a very strict gun control policy: if there's a gun around, I want to be in control of it”. -- Clint Eastwood This nation was built on the right to bear arms, but this freedom is more controversial than ever. With all the school shootings and gun violence in America today at some point it may seem that just too take away all guns may be the answer to this problem. In defense, this is not the answer. If someone wants to commit a crime

Differences Between Packer's Crime Control And Due Process

546 words - 3 pages There are several differences between Packer's crime control and due process. Packer's crime control is traditional conservative values, and due process are traditional liberal values. Packer's crime control is a fast, informal process with quick results, and due process is a slow, formal fact-finding process. Packer's crime control is an excellent way to close cases, but due process is the best way to prove innocent or guilt.Packer's crime

Relationship between Gun Control Policies and Gun Crime Rates

3084 words - 13 pages that states, “To what extents, does strict gun control policies by the governments reduce gun crime rates?” And this writer strongly argues that stricter gun control policies by the governments will reduce gun crime rates significantly. I personally believe my research is very important because it will provide the evidences that leaders around the globe who are struggling to combat the rising gun crime rates needs to take aggressive roles so

Similar Essays

Crime Control Essay

1219 words - 5 pages For a long time, the law enforcement agents and the judicial systems have been using the crime control and the due process models in an effort to establish and maintain justice in the society. In as much as these two models operate hand in hand, they both have similarities as well as several differences in how they operate in the judicial system. They are very effective in the judicial system because they both work towards providing justice

Crime Control Critical Comments Essay

958 words - 4 pages In the book "Crime Control As Industry", Nils Christie states that our upward spiraling prison populations, particularly in the United States is a move towards gulags of the west. In particular, this book suggests that we may already be moving into an age of penal control that takes us beyond the gulag. Our American prison may be moving from a form of criminal control to a form of slave labor. Christie also points out that America has entered

Gun Control Control Laws Decrease Crime

494 words - 2 pages Gun Control Since the days of the pioneers of the United States, firearms have been part of the American tradition as protection and a means of hunting or sport. As we near the end of the 20th century the use of guns has changed significantly. Because of fast and steady increase in crime and the fight for the right to own a hand gun, the introduction of legislation for gun control, to try to reduce the crime in the United States, has been a

Gun Control Is Not Crime Control

949 words - 4 pages Gun Control is not Crime Control Americans are faced with an ever-increasing problem of violence. The streets of America are now a war zone. Teenage gangsters murder one another for drug territory, and innocent victims are caught in the crossfire. However, most recent and most abhorrent, is our children are killing one another. They are killing with extreme prejudice. Our children are killing, exhibiting little or no remorse for lives they