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Crime In Canada Essay

1676 words - 7 pages

Canada is viewed as being a very safe and stable place to live because people are lucky enough to have healthcare, benefits for unemployment and family needs, as well as maternity leave. Crime is something that Canadians don’t often think about because people feel as though they are out of harm's way. As Canadians, we’ve watched the world experience different threats and crime, and we’ve seen the world fight back. For example, our neighbors in North America, the United States, have gone through terrorist attacks and issues with guns and violence. Just because we are witnessing these things in other places doesn’t mean that we aren’t at risk as well, and Canada does have certain approaches and regards in place if we are ever in danger. What I wish to address in this paper is how Canada is set up for reacting to crime and jeopardy, as well as an example of where we went wrong in our past. Methods in response to crime, Canada’s legal regime and the issue of Residential schooling for Aboriginals a hundred years ago will be presented.
Improved economy helped Canada’s rate of crime decrease since the 1990’s but different evidence suggests that methods used in response to serious crimes during that time may have influenced the crime trends. The Constitution Act of 1867 contains the authority to enact criminal laws and procedures to be followed by the federal government (Welsh & Irving, 2005). First enacted in 1892, the Criminal Code, continually revised, is used for setting out two main categories of offense: indictable and summary conviction, indictable being homicide and robbery, more serious kinds of crime with involved trials (Welsh & Irving, 2005). Canada is also known for its Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and these police exist federally in all of Canada, while provincially and municipally each province and territory is responsible for maintaining provisions of the criminal code (Welsh & Irving, 2005). In offenses of provincial crime, the Supreme Court of Canada hears these appeals and responds accordingly, whether it be that a criminal receive a sanction of a fine, imprisonment, restitution, etc (Welsh & Irving, 2005). The distinction comes when dealing with youth versus adult convictions, and I think the fact there is a difference in conviction is reasonable. The Youth Offenders Act (YOA) created in 1984 has been criticized for its lack of appropriate implementation and clear legislation, and is thought of as an important factor contributing to issues with Canada’s youth justice system (Welsh & Irving, 2005). Compared with the 1980’s, Canada may have been safer at the end of the 1990’s, according to police records (Welsh & Irving, 2005). Homicide, aggravated sexual assault, robbery and residential burglary crime rates decreased during the 1990’s, and evidence suggests that this is because of an aging population with a declining amount of people in the criminal offending age group (15-24-year-olds), so ages 55 plus are increasing and...

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