Crime Statistics; the ways they are collected, collated, used and their effectiveness
Crime statistics are collected, collated and used in many different ways, all the various types of statistics have strengths and weaknesses through their methods though. How might these weaknesses be overcome?
Police recorded crimes, Crime Victim surveys, self report surveys (also know as crime victimisation surveys) , police arrest data, court data and also accident and emergency data are sources of information for the statistics collected. Each different way of collecting data has its own strengths and weaknesses as well as levels of reliability due to it being an official report or an unofficial report. Official reports are things such as Police reports; police arrest data, court data, accident and emergency data whereas sources such as Self-report surveys and crime victim surveys are not official reports. These ways of collecting data have many similarities and differences that can be compared, also, the weaknesses presented in some formats of collecting statistics may be able to be removed or diminished from there current ways of collecting the data.
Crime statistics are collected, collated and used in many different ways, some of these ways being reports from crimes reported by police, crime victim surveys, Self report surveys, Police charge data, court data, accident and emergency data and the ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics).
Police recorded crimes data is collected through the reports that are written from people reporting a crime that has taken place, they are good for the vast majority of crimes that happen multiple times a year and can be easily seen such as burglary and assault, however, for crimes in the likes of discovered crimes (i.e. Police being called about seeing Drug possession) police recorded crime is not so reliable due to altered circumstances, they are very good to depict the trends of crimes as it is a direct source of information. (Weatherburn) (AIC)
Crime Victim Surveys are surveys given to people that have reported offenses in the last 12 months to gauge how happy the person is with how the situation that they reported was dealt with. It covers all the areas that are actually used when reporting a crime and the wake that follows reporting a crime such as; the actual method of reporting the offence, reasons for reporting the offence, professional conduct of the police that took the report, the amount of time it took for the report to be processed, opinions of service provided, and any extra satisfactions or dissatisfactions that they deemed necessary to add into the survey (2011 Queensland Crime Victims’ Survey.)
Police Charge data is the data collected by the police through the investigations and actual charging of the person. It is useful in relation to the bigger crimes that happen on a lesser level such as homicide where it can show the trend In what age group is committing the crime more so then others and also which...