Crimes And Misdemeanors Essay

1110 words - 5 pages

What if you only thought about yourself every day? What if you made no attempts to help a friend of family member in need? What if you did what was best for you and only you? Would you be able to live with yourself? The views of a psychological egoist have clear answers to the previous questions. A psychological egoist believe in just those sorts of behaviors. While in contrasting view of an ethical egoist believe in what we ought to do. These views were both demonstrated in the film “Crimes and Misdemeanors”. Each of those views make an impact on how one lives their lives, and the circumstances associated with each view. Taking a look at the differences and similarities of psychological egoism and ethical egoism is the first step to understanding the complex characters in this film.
Steven M. Cahn explains in Exploring Ethics that “psychological egoism is the view that all mean are selfish in everything that they do...” (72). This means that actions are only taken if they benefit oneself. More importantly the motivation for those actions is purely self-centered. A psychological egoist would help a friend because they wanted to be a good friend and feel the satisfaction from it, not because they cared about their friend’s wellbeing. Though it is rather easy to argue against that. A simple example is a mother and child. A mother does not take care and nurture their child because they want to be a good mother. They do so because they care about the life of their baby. Even a psychological egoist could say they gain satisfaction from their actions, that satisfactions is not the motivation behind their actions, thus proving a psychological view to not be correct in all situations. An ethical egoists holds a similar view that we ought to act in only self-interest. That it is always moral to act in your own self- interest. There is an argument against this which was in the movie and will be proven later on. These two view are similar because they both benefit oneself. However psychological egoist believe everyone is selfish and ethical egoist believe everyone should be selfish however they recognize that not everyone acts that way.
The characters of Jack and Judah in the film do resemble egoistic views. Jack holds the view of a psychological egoist while Judah holds the view of an ethical egoist. Jack believes that you need to do whatever it takes to be successful in this world. One can see this easily because of the business that he is in and as he encourages his brother, Judah, to take advantage of the opportunity he can provide. He suggests that murder is okay to Judah because it would benefit him. Clearly this is in the interest of him and only him. Jack does not see anything morally wrong with murder or the business he is in, he only sees the benefits he or his brother would receive. Judah throughout the movie is lost, confused, and struggling between views of life. He knows that murder is morally wrong however he...

Find Another Essay On Crimes and Misdemeanors

State Comparison Essay

665 words - 3 pages 27 districts in 36 counties and is home to 166 judges. The circuit courts deal with cases such as: some small claims ($5,000 limit), adoptions, misdemeanors, exclusive felonies, traffic/ other violations, juveniles, and many more.The California court systems are divided into State and Federal. With the state court system, it is broken down into Trail Courts and Appellate Courts. There are 58 trial courts, also known as Superior Courts, within

Types of Crimes Essay

663 words - 3 pages less severe penalty. Misdemeanors that aren’t as serious are known as petty offenses. Driving an automobile without a license, lying about your age to purchase alcohol, and leaving the scene of an automobile accident are all examples of misdemeanors. Crimes are defined by two elements. The first element is the criminal act. Every law that defines a crime must specifically explain the conduct that is forbidden by that law. The criminal act

Juvelines Tried as Adults in Court

819 words - 3 pages minors. Juvenile offenders are not only a threat to a town doing ?small crimes? or misdemeanors but are committing more serious crimes as time goes by and yet still no efforts has been made to keep criminals where they belong. In the Kent Vs United States Trial a young offender 16years of age was charged with rape and because juveniles do not get the same rights as adults Kent?s attorney was not allowed to review any files that where obtained

Juveniles Tried As Adults

575 words - 2 pages murder and adult crimes.Crimes such as rape and murder are adult crimes. For example, if a child is capable enough to determine that they would be willing to take the life of another human being, then they are capable enough to be put in prison for the appointed amount of time, whether it is 10 years, or life. In addition, crime?s cost to society is the same regardless of the criminal?s age. Furthermore, felonies and misdemeanors are erased from a

Crime and Punishment

899 words - 4 pages and medical purposes. The punishments for felonies varied in severity. The punishments could be death by hanging or to be beheaded. The many misdemeanors that a person could commit are begging, forgery, being in debt, petty theft, adultery, and fraud. Generally, the punishments for these crimes were whipping, starvation, burning at the stake, removal of limbs, and hanging, and branding. The Nobility class were generally the ones who committed

William Shakespeare

987 words - 4 pages involved a plot against the throne" (Stewart 79). Punishments in Elizabethan Times depended on how severe the crime was. The worst punishment however, were reserved for people who planning to go against the throne. "During Shakespeare's times, criminal action was divided into three main categories: treason, felonies, and misdemeanors. Treason was by far the most serious of all crimes, and the playwright reflected this fact in several of his plays

Crime. Speaks of how they can be classified in different ways

2082 words - 8 pages growing urban society." These crimes include violations of income tax laws, liquor control regulations, pure food and drug laws, and traffic laws. Crimes in the first group usually involve severe punishments while crimes in the second group are generally punished by fines, notices to follow the court's orders, or other relatively light penalties.Crimes are frequently classified according to their seriousness as felonies or misdemeanors. Generally

Legal brief essay-3 strikes case

1078 words - 4 pages “But it was only a few lousy videotapes!” was probably what Leonardo Andrade thought as he was placed behind bars for life because of the Three Strikes law passed in March of 1994. After being a long-time heroin addict and with a 15-year criminal history consisting of 5 felonies and 2 misdemeanors, was given the sentence of 25 years to life, after attempting to steal videotapes from a local store. The petty theft crime was a crime

Jail Overcrowding, how to fix it and why - CRC political science - research paper

3754 words - 16 pages that was brought about in 2014. This proposition highlights that non-serious and non-violent crimes be reduced to misdemeanors instead of felonies. These crimes would be reduced unless the inmate was previously convicted of rape, sex offenses, murder, and certain gun violations. Through this proposition it permitted resentencing for[footnoteRef:12] inmates currently serving a term in prison for the felonies that are going to be reduced to

Age of Responsibility

617 words - 2 pages ,” lawmakers have “passed countless laws that have made it easier to try minors as adults” (Greenblatt). But as most of the criminal infractions are centered around drug crimes, misdemeanors, and minor infractions, these laws have made it easier to put undeserving young people into adult facilities to further worsen their state. As states are starting to rethink the harshness of the law to try them as adults, they see that if kids are put into

Should Juveniles Offenders be Tried and Punished as Adults?

682 words - 3 pages offender. Based on the crime Every offense is different from case to case. There are two types of crimes a misdemeanor and a felony. Misdemeanors are small nonviolent crimes such as a drug charge under twenty grams, and accessory to a crime; where they’re at the wrong place at the wrong time. That carries only a maximum sentence of twelve months in a county jail. A felony is a serious crime such as kidnapping, murder, rape, arson or a drug charge

Similar Essays

Crimes And Misdemeanors Essay

2631 words - 11 pages , even though he has always been skeptical towards the Jewish traditions he learned from his father and being himself a man of science. Murder had never been taken into consideration before now. It is the sin of sins, the highest depravation of respect to his victim – how could he do it? And if he did, how could he possibly live with it? This fundamental question runs throughout the 1989 film Crimes and Misdemeanors in which the director Woody

Ethics In Crimes And Misdemeanors Essay

700 words - 3 pages Ethical Dilemmas in Crimes and Misdemeanors There are two plots in Crimes and Misdemeanors, which oddly parallel each other. In one story, the "Crime" story, Judah Rosenthal, an apparently happily married and successful ophthalmologist, life is on the verge of disintegration because Delores, mistress of two years, wants to reveal their relationship. Juda is not a religious man, yet he consults Rabbi Ben, whose advice to confess and seek

Analysis Of The Movie Crimes And Misdemeanors

705 words - 3 pages Released in 1989, Crimes and Misdemeanors outlines the lives of two men; Cliff Stern and Judah Rosenthal. Cliff Stern, a small time film-maker, struggles to succeed in both his career and marriage. While Judah Rosenthal, a wealthy ophthalmologist, faces moral dilemmas after having an affair with a young mistress. Judah's mistress expects him to leave his wife and when he doesn't she threatens to expose the secret relationship. Unsure Judah

Crime Essay

875 words - 4 pages misdemeanors serve their sentence in city, or county jails, or correction houses.      Crimes against people include assault, kidnapping, murder, and sexual attacks. Such crimes usually bring severe punishments. Crimes against property include arson, automobile theft, burglary, embezzlement, forgery, fraud, larceny, and vandalism. In most cases, these crimes carry lighter penalties than the crimes set against the person