Society has many different views on crime and punishment. During earlier times, the crime fit the punishment meaning an “eye for an eye” approach. If a thief was caught, their hands would be cut off. If a man killed another man, they would be killed as well. They did not have a chance to tell their side of the story, if people thought they were guilty, they were. Much has changed in the way we handle crime in the world today. In today’s world, when a person commits a crime they have rights to a fair trial and have the luxury of the Fifth Amendment. Now when a killer kills someone they get to tell their side of the story and have to be proven guilty. However, it does not matter where you go, if there are people then there will always be crime.
With society being as it is today, crime is inevitable. With so many high school dropouts, many of the jobs moving overseas, the slow job market and the drugs, there is bound to be someone who feels the need to cheat, rob, steal or kill to get what they feel they or their family needs at the time. Public policy is taken on by the government to acknowledge a specific issue and defend their society ("What is Public Policy? | Social Policy Studies at the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS)", n.d.). Crime does have a major effect on public policies. When more money is distributed to the criminal justice system crime rate decreases (Aos, n.d.). Crime rate decreases because the money helps the criminal justice system focus on the area that need the most attention. Aos stated, “When incarceration rates increase 10%, research shows that crime rates go down about 3%” (n.d.).
The sentencing laws have changed and had a major effect on the prisons. “California’s controversial three-strikes law sends repeat offenders to prison for 25 years to life for violent and even nonviolent crimes” (Siegel & Bartollas, 2011, p. 46). The three-strike law is having an effect on the prison because it is causing prison to become over crowed and offenders charged with violent crimes to get out on parole.
As an emphasis on...