Crimes in prison have been a part of our prisons since prisons themselves have been developed. It is almost certain that the criminals who end up in an institution in the first place will commit crimes while incarcerated. Prisons have come a long way over the years and with trial and error they have discovered many effective ways to help drop crime rates. Mail is monitored and read on occasion and is a privilege for inmates that can be taken away. Though many of the new policies and procedures have been effective, it is the well- trained staff that keeps crimes down. Crimes in our prisons have been declining, having the proper staffing in these institution’s plays a crucial part in keeping crimes down.
By providing the officers with the intensive and Para-military training, crime rates are down in our prisons (http://www.azcorrections.gov/adc/policy). Using proper tactical verbal skills with inmates is allowing staff to calm them in different ways. With the verbal communication between officers it is cutting down on our inmate to inmate assaults as well as the inmate to staff assaults.
We could all say that the issues in our prisons are gang related which may be the case; however some of these crimes can be tied to contraband making its way into the prison facilities. Having well- trained and proper staff processing all the incoming mail to our facilities helps slow down the possible passing of contraband into our prisons (http://www.azcorrections.gov/adc/policy). Many will try daily to get any type of illegal contraband into these inmates for them to sell. Because these packages can contain contraband, each piece of mail is checked thoroughly for any type of drugs or weapons. Letters are also read and searched for inappropriate photos, gang writing, sexually explicit materials, threats and blackmail. A large percentage of letters entering the prisons have some type of illegal gang writing on them, which is noted and turned over to the Investigation and Intelligence department and will not be delivered to the inmate. When issues like these occur the receiving inmate will be placed on a list known as the “hot list.” When an offenders name is on the hot list, their incoming and outgoing mail is completely monitored. Depending on the extent of the issue that inmate can be stripped search immediately and sent to either the medical or segregation unit. If they are taken to medical department there may be a suspicion that they are trying to or have successfully brought drugs into the facility and are now under strict supervision until the drugs are revealed. Visitor’s that try to bring these drugs into a facility are normally arrested immediately and booked in for their crime. (Gangscrossamerica.com, 1995)
Gang initiated attacks are also common out on the prison yards and other common areas. Each gang has leaders who determine the crime that is going to be committed. Lower members of the gangs are then...