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Criminal Justice Fields Essay

978 words - 4 pages

Criminal Justice has numerous avenues in which to follow so making the choice of what specific field to choose a difficult decision. This is not a choice that should be taken lightly nor in haste but one that should be contemplated and examined closely. I have done an enormous amount of research on many of the fields of criminal justice narrowing it down to three: Forensics, Probation/ Parole and Homeland Security. For me personally, these are the best three choices given their potential for being challenging.
Forensic science is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system. Forensics is used in place of forensic science in modern times and is considered to be an effective synonym for “legal” or “related to courts”. The term, however, is closely associated with a scientific fields related to the solving of crimes. The earliest forms of forensic sciences were first used in 16th century Europe by medical practitioners in the army and universities to gather information on the cause and manner of death, though writings on these topics did not begin to appear until the 18th century. (Kind S, 1972)
The science of forensics is now recognized as a critical ingredient in law enforcement and in the solution of crimes. Protecting a crime scene from contamination, gathering and interpreting evidence accurately have become some of the most critical parts in crime solving. With today’s technology, law enforcement is able to solve many crimes that once would have been deemed unsolvable. Now in the 21st century with more unconventional crimes being committed such as terrorism, forensic science must continue to develop and mature. Leading the efforts to develop new scientific crime-fighting capabilities and methods, including the use of databanks, high-tech equipment, tele-forensics and training involving the use of simulated crime scenes are the State Police Forensic Laboratories.
Forensics is divided into fields of specialties covering a wide range of different sciences: Physiological/social sciences, forensic criminalistics, digital forensics and other related disciplines. The most noted fields, which people associate with forensics, are fingerprint analysis, ballistics, DNA profiling and toxicology however the everyday public is unaware the forensic field also includes fire investigation, forensic engineering, and even vehicular accident reconstruction. Within the last twenty years, due to the advances in technology and science, many new disciplines have come into fruition.
Vein matching, also called vascular technology, is a technique of biometric identification though the analysis of the patterns of blood vessels visible from the surface of the skin. Though used by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), this method of identification is still in development and has not yet been universally adopted by crime laboratories as it is not considered as reliable...

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