Criminal Justice System Essay

1518 words - 6 pages

One of the main objectives for the Criminal Justice System is to reduce the crime and the fire of crime. In order to achieve this it is using different agencies and the major of them are the Police, Prosecution, Courts, Prisons and Probation. They all are operating in synchrony for achieving their legal responsibilities and particularly for reducing the level of crime. The aim of this essay specifically is to discuss the functions of the police and how they actually fit with the objectives of the Criminal Justice System as a whole. The Criminal Justice System is focusing on the formal response to crime and is used with special regulations in different countries. In England and Wales ‘it is used to describe the institutions and agencies which respond officially to the commission of offences (Hucklesby and Wahidin, 2009, pp3). All of its agencies are running together, systematically and coordinated, but their objectives are not usually the same. Meanwhile, the main aim which is coordinating their functions is to ‘protecting the public by preventing and deterring crime, by rehabilitating offenders and incapacitating others who constitute a persistent treat to the community’ (Davies, Croall and Tyrer, 1998, pp6). In order to discuss the functions of the police it is necessary to state what the ‘police’ actually mean. For the England and Wales in particular ‘the police are the largest and most visible agency involved in the criminal justice process, defined by Innes (2003:64) as a ‘specific, modern organisation, endowed with the state’s legal authority to use physical coercion or the treat of it, to enforce the law in pursuance of the maintenance of the social order’’ (Hucklesby et al, 2009, pp.38). The police are responsible for a range of services in relation to keep the social order and are doing this by applying particular type of functions. “Function implies that the role of the police is concentrated on the maintenance of law and order and the prevention end reduction of offences (Mawby cited by Newburn, 2009, pp16). Their functionality is necessary part for the Criminal Justice System role not only because are the largest agency within it, but also because are the primary to deal with the actual crime. The police of England and Wales have many responsibilities and functions which are attaching to them and they all fit with the crime control model of the Criminal Justice System. One of the major segments of the police work is the criminal investigation, which is significantly important for the crime control and is overwhelmingly reactive (Bayley cited by Newburn, 2009, pp576). Crime investigation is usable for identifications, collecting evidence, formulating theories and conformations. This police function helps for gathering information and filter it, which is and one of the characteristics of the crime control model (Taylor, 1996, pp156). Furthermore, ‘the main principle that underpins the system of criminal justice in England and Wales is...

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