The Criminal Justice System plays a critical role in the organizational structure of the United States. Without the Criminal Justice System to administer deserved punishment, this country would be disorganized, unstructured, cruel, unjustified and a chaotic habitat for its citizens. “The criminal justice system is a group of organizations involved in apprehending, prosecuting, defending, sentencing and jailing those involved in crimes”(Dictionary.com). The foundation of the criminal justice system is certainly a profound and interesting topic to discuss and debate. In the American criminal justice system, cases of the most severe and heinous nature can be sentenced to the death penalty when appropriate. “The death penalty is a punishment by execution, administered to someone legally convicted of a capital crime” (Farlex). “In most American states, capital crime offenses consist of first degree murder, rape with additional bodily harm and the federal crime of treason” (Farlex). These offenses jeopardize the safety of all people in America. Therefore, the death penalty should be enforced towards major crimes.
The history and origin of Capital Punishment in the United States has a very paramount effect on the perfection of America’s criminal justice system in the future. The earliest recorded law instituting the death penalty was established as far back as when the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon set a milestone for the future of the American Criminal Justice System. The codes were one of earliest set of laws in history. “An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”, said to show that people that believe if someone does something wrong, then that person should be punished by having the same thing done to them.
“The phrase is a paraphrase of the Code of Hammurabi, a collection of 282 laws inscribed on an upright stone pillar. The codes go back through the ancient Mesopotamian culture that prospered long before the Bible was written or the civilizations of the Greeks or Romans flowered” (Independence Hall Association). The laws were very direct, “If a man has stolen goods from a temple or house, he shall be put to death; and he that has received the stolen property from him shall be put to death” (Horne).
“Hammurabi, the sixth king of Babylon of the First Babylonian Dynasty from 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE,” had a hunger for justice in his kingdom (Independence Hall Association). “Hammurabi ruled, Mesopotamia, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the area what is today known as Iraq. The king was concerned with keeping his kingdom in order, but that issue wasn’t the only reason for compiling the list of laws. When he began ruling the city-state of Babylon, he had control of no more than 50 square miles of territory. As he conquered other city-states and his empire grew, he saw the need to unify the various groups he controlled. Hammurabi keenly understood that to achieve this goal; he needed one universal set of laws for all of the...