Criminal Justice Trends Essay

1657 words - 7 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed
VIEW DOCUMENT
Preview

The criminal justice system is a group of institutions that work together to protect a society, prevent and control crime, and maintain justice; enforcing the laws regulated by society. As the years have gone by and society has evolved; so have the criminal justice system and its methods to accomplish its role in society. This short analysis will evaluate the main facts that have been affecting the criminal justice system for decades and have influenced the evolution the justice system is enduring in a changing society (Muraski, 2009). Amongst the changes in the system, we will discuss the effect the changes have had on the citizens and how their perceptions have evolved as well.
In the criminal justice system three major agencies can be identified, they are; the police, the courts, and the correctional institution. The police responsibilities are of that of keeping the peace, apprehension of criminals, combat and prevention of crime, and social services. Once officers have been involved and it is determined that a crime or any other infraction has been committed, then the case will move into the jurisdiction of the courts. The court system will then be responsible for the adjudication of the subject where then the correctional system will impose whatever punishment or treatment was deemed by the courts. Once the corrections systems have received an inmate, the punishment phase will commence, whether it is imprisonment, probation, or community based correction. The previously mentioned are the three mayor agencies that process a citizen who has committed a crime against the state law, as you can see, the process is similar to that of an assembly line one might find in a factory. All agencies are linked together as one for the simple fact that a decision made from the first agency can and may impact the process throughout the other agencies. Specific characteristics that interlink these three agencies are discretion, resource dependence, sequential tasks, and filtering (Cole, 2008). All phases of the justice system reflect the freedom to make a decision according to the own judgment of the agent that is working with a case at the moment. The abuse of discretion leads to the most notable issue that affects the accuracy and effectiveness of the system, discrimination. Even thought discretion is one of the most important characteristic of the system because the American criminal justice does not have the tools to treat each individual case the same way, on the other hand the system can’t afford to have every single case leading to an investigation. American criminal justice to be effective needs accuracy due to the resource dependence of each agency has on another. Every decision made between all these agencies is sequential. To have a case seen in court, an arrest has to be made by a police officer, then and prosecutors and judges have the responsibility of adjudication, then correction implement the punishment according to the prior...

Find Another Essay On Criminal Justice Trends

Intersectionality In The Criminal Justice System

2262 words - 9 pages adult sexual assault cases’, Trends and issues in crime and criminal justice, no. 288. Australian Institute of Criminology. • Meyer, J 2000, Brief Summary of the Root Causes of Sexual Assault. Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault, [Online]. Available at: http://www.ccasa.org/documents/Root_Causes_Short_Descriptions.pdf, [Accessed 14 April 2011]. • Prenzler, T. 1995. Equal employment opportunity and policewomen in Australia. Australian and...

Juvenile Justice: An Increasingly Complex Problem in our Society

997 words - 4 pages Brandon Pembry 11C Legal Studies – Criminal Law ‘Juvenile Justice is an increasingly complex problem in our society’ Mrs Rowell Due Date: 4 June 2014 Table of Contents: Introduction……………………………………………………………………………… 3 Legislation………………………………………………………………………………… 3 Juveniles and the Law………………………………………………………………. 4 Trends…………………………………………………………………………………….. 4 Analysis of Law………………………………………………………………………… 5 Recommendations...

The Origin of Vagrancy Laws and the Relation to Law Today

1164 words - 5 pages The earliest vagrancy laws in England paved the way for today’s criminal law. These first laws lead to the creation of criminal law. Criminal law and the origin of vagrancy laws have created lasting ramification for today’s criminal justice system. The very creation of the laws by the elitist members of society to control the masses has highlighted the continue path of these trends. The laws are designed to control the poor and keep them...

Drug Courts: The Return Of Rehabilitation

2340 words - 9 pages major trends have made a powerful impact on law enforcement efforts to confront drug issues in their communities. The institutionalization of community policing, along with the rapid almost contagious development of specialty courts, ie DWI court, domestic violence courts and drug courts, suggest a whole new way for doing business in the criminal justice system. Drug...

Juvenile Offenders: Race And Ethnicity

2146 words - 9 pages decisions, thirty three percent of petitioned delinquency cases, forty six percent of cases judicially waived to adult criminal court, and forty percent of juveniles in public long-term institutions (Walker, Spohn & DeLone, 2004). Thus, the proportion of blacks under supervision of the juvenile or adult criminal justice systems is more than double their proportion in the general population.According to ...

Bubuu

1106 words - 4 pages Past injustices have been a long-standing issue across the nation for a great period of time. In order to begin examining the relationship between past injustices and the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in the criminal justice system as offenders one must understand what it means to be an Aboriginals person or in other words an Indigenous person. Indigenous peoples are peoples defined in international or national legislation as having a...

Persuasive Essay About Why The Juvenille Justice System Isn't Harsh Enough.

1004 words - 4 pages The Juvenile Justice System is not harsh enough...Did you know that juveniles accounted for almost half the arrests for serious crimes in the United States in 1974 and for less than one-third in 1983? Did you know that recent trends show an increase in arrests of adolescents for murder, assault, and weapon use? The small number of youth who commit the most...

Juvenile Offenders: Race & Ethnicity

2044 words - 8 pages percent of pre adjudication decisions, thirty three percent of petitioned delinquency cases, forty six percent of cases judicially waived to adult criminal court, and forty percent of juveniles in public long term institutions (Walker, Spohn & DeLone, 2004). Thus, the proportion of blacks under supervision of the juvenile or adult criminal justice systems is more than double their proportion in the general population.According to ...

Juvenile Crime Statistics

897 words - 4 pages Justice System. A steady rise in crime among women since the 1980s provoked the research, which found a firm link between abuse and criminal behavior. An alarming 75% to 95% of girls (age 14 to 18) in the justice system are former victims of abuse (Steinberg, 2004). Such abuse often results in a very low sense of self-worth for young women.The majority of crimes young women and minority commit, according to McCurley & Snyder (2004), are...

What's Wrong With Criminal Justice Research And Steps To Make It Appropriate

1736 words - 7 pages The main argument is that recent criminal justice research is seen by the policing community as both irrelevant to their actual work and derogatory toward police work in general. In making this argument, Chief Bratton claims that for the last half of the 20th century, crime researchers and practitioners disagreed about the causes of crime and how to control it. While most researchers claim that crime is caused by a combination of different...

Handling Unethical Behavior In The Criminal Justice System

1840 words - 7 pages curricula. Ethics is sometimes a low-priority, tiresome subject. Little effort can be devoted to ethics as it competes for classroom time with more glamorous and direct-liability subjects such as firearms, non-lethal weapons, defensive tactics, laws of arrest, search and seizure, pursuit driving, etc.(Dr. Frank Kardasz) (1) (Law Enforcement Ethics Training: Practices and Trends) In the training of these Criminal Justice professionals there is a...

Other Criminal Justice Trends Essays

Criminal Justice Organizational Trends Paper

850 words - 3 pages Criminal Justice Organizational Trends PaperAntonio GaylerCJA/444August 21, 2014Edward Lopez...

Overseas Criminal Justice Styles Essay

1398 words - 6 pages tool for organized crimes where it is being used as a communication platform by individuals from different regions. Past and current International justice system trends Federalism reigned in most of the regions and this dictated that the national justice system had to handle any criminal case that could have risen. The atrocities such as genocide have broken the barriers and have become a global outcry and this has...

The Justice System Essay

1343 words - 5 pages The Justice System Looking into criminal justice procedure, many administrations are at work. Starting with the police, to the courts and concluding in corrections. Though all these sectors have different tasks, their combined focus is processing the law. Regardless what the process is called criminal justice will continue to serve with discretion, conviction, and correction. When first presented with the question whether criminal justice is...

Department of Juvenile Justice Essay

828 words - 3 pages Department of Juvenile Justice In the earlier years the approach to juvenile justice was that of “rehabilitative” (“Department of Juvenile Justice,” 2012). The Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services or HRS, were accountable for a wide range of responsibilities, from criminal cases involving youth, to child abuse or neglect cases. The department was expected to uphold a moral standard, by providing optimum resources for at risk...