Criminal Justice Trends Essay

1657 words - 7 pages

The criminal justice system is a group of institutions that work together to protect a society, prevent and control crime, and maintain justice; enforcing the laws regulated by society. As the years have gone by and society has evolved; so have the criminal justice system and its methods to accomplish its role in society. This short analysis will evaluate the main facts that have been affecting the criminal justice system for decades and have influenced the evolution the justice system is enduring in a changing society (Muraski, 2009). Amongst the changes in the system, we will discuss the effect the changes have had on the citizens and how their perceptions have evolved as well.
In the criminal justice system three major agencies can be identified, they are; the police, the courts, and the correctional institution. The police responsibilities are of that of keeping the peace, apprehension of criminals, combat and prevention of crime, and social services. Once officers have been involved and it is determined that a crime or any other infraction has been committed, then the case will move into the jurisdiction of the courts. The court system will then be responsible for the adjudication of the subject where then the correctional system will impose whatever punishment or treatment was deemed by the courts. Once the corrections systems have received an inmate, the punishment phase will commence, whether it is imprisonment, probation, or community based correction. The previously mentioned are the three mayor agencies that process a citizen who has committed a crime against the state law, as you can see, the process is similar to that of an assembly line one might find in a factory. All agencies are linked together as one for the simple fact that a decision made from the first agency can and may impact the process throughout the other agencies. Specific characteristics that interlink these three agencies are discretion, resource dependence, sequential tasks, and filtering (Cole, 2008). All phases of the justice system reflect the freedom to make a decision according to the own judgment of the agent that is working with a case at the moment. The abuse of discretion leads to the most notable issue that affects the accuracy and effectiveness of the system, discrimination. Even thought discretion is one of the most important characteristic of the system because the American criminal justice does not have the tools to treat each individual case the same way, on the other hand the system can’t afford to have every single case leading to an investigation. American criminal justice to be effective needs accuracy due to the resource dependence of each agency has on another. Every decision made between all these agencies is sequential. To have a case seen in court, an arrest has to be made by a police officer, then and prosecutors and judges have the responsibility of adjudication, then correction implement the punishment according to the prior...

Find Another Essay On Criminal Justice Trends

Intersectionality in the Criminal Justice System

2262 words - 9 pages The criminal justice system is dynamic and has changed rapidly since the works of Cesare Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso during Enlightenment Period and this reflects in the issue of intersectionality with the changing approaches taken towards concepts of gender, race and class. Sexual assault will be a predominate study used throughout the essay to examine the different approaches and issues between traditional and non-traditional justices. This...

Drug Courts: The Return of Rehabilitation

2340 words - 9 pages AbstractFor the past decade rehabilitation has been the missing element in the criminal justice system. Our president declared a War on Drugs and in a war we don't consider what to do with those taken prisoner. Much like prisoners the offender has been caught in a system that only punished and released. Little thought and money was diverted into making that individual a part of society or helping them with their addiction. But it appears; with...

Juvenile Offenders: Race and Ethnicity

2146 words - 9 pages A good deal of research has noted major disparities in the extent of involvement of minority youth, particularly black youth compared with white youth, in the juvenile justice system. The existence of disproportionate racial representation in the juvenile justice system raises questions about the fundamental fairness and equality of treatment of these youth by the police, courts, and other personnel connected with the juvenile justice system....

Persuasive essay about why the juvenille justice system isn't harsh enough.

1004 words - 4 pages The Juvenile Justice System is not harsh enough...Did you know that juveniles accounted for almost half the arrests for serious crimes in the United States in 1974 and for less than one-third in 1983? Did you know that recent trends show an increase in arrests of adolescents for murder, assault, and weapon use? The small number of youth who commit the most...

Juvenile Crime Statistics

897 words - 4 pages One of the biggest problems that the United States is faced with today is juvenile crime. Some risk factors associated with juvenile crime are poverty, repeated exposure to violence, drugs, easy access to firearms, unstable family life and family violence, delinquent peer groups, and media violence. Particularly the downfall of family life, the effect of the media on juveniles , and the increase of firearms available today have played a big...

What's Wrong With Criminal Justice Research and How to Make it Right

1736 words - 7 pages The main argument is that recent criminal justice research is seen by the policing community as both irrelevant to their actual work and derogatory toward police work in general. In making this argument, Chief Bratton claims that for the last half of the 20th century, crime researchers and practitioners disagreed about the causes of crime and how to control it. While most researchers claim that crime is caused by a combination of different...

Juvenile Offenders: Race & Ethnicity

2044 words - 8 pages Past research has shown major disparities in the juvenile justice system, regarding the involvement with black youth compared to white youth. Questions have been raised about the fundamental fairness and equality of treatment of these youth by the police, courts, and other personnel connected with the juvenile justice system, due to disproportionate racial representation.There can be confusion in the meanings of terms used describe the...

Addressing Unethical Behavior in the Criminal Justice System

1840 words - 7 pages To understand the ethical challenges in the criminal justice system, I took a look at the three parts of criminal justice, Policing, Courts, and Corrections. In doing so I found that this is quite a large topic. The areas I would like to touch on are; those areas in which the newly hired police officer, lawyer, and corrections officer my face. Having only...

Justice system in the USA: Should Juvenile be tried as adult

1562 words - 6 pages Juvenile Justice System in the USA: Should Juveniles be tried as adultsThe origin of juvenile corrections in the United States goes, back at least to the opening of the New York House of Refuge in 1825. This house of refuge was established to meet the same kinds of needs the Juvenile Justice System of today tries to...

Juvenile Justice Policy Reform

991 words - 4 pages Juvenile Justice Policy ReformIt is a disturbing fact that the number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased 43% between 1985 and 2000 (Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention, 2000). According to Snyder (2000), "Delinquency offences are acts committed by juveniles that would be crimes if committed by adults." (OJJDP, 2000). Here is the question to discuss. What causes these youth to behave the way to get...

Is Justice Blind?

3459 words - 14 pages Is Justice Blind?The first recorded case of the disparity in the legal system after a trial took place in a courtroom in Virginia in 1640. Three indentured servants ran away from their master - one white Dutchman, one white Scotsman and one black man. Due to the poor living conditions they were living in they decided to run away and have a "fresh" start. The three men were captured and stood trial together. The two white men were sentenced to...

Similar Essays

International Criminal Justice Trends Essay

1398 words - 6 pages Introduction Crime has continually evolved thus becoming more complicated especially due to technological developments. The other factors that have contributed to crime complexity includes demographic changes for males below 30 years of age which is a crime-prone age limit; and macro-economic scales that include the unemployment rate, consumers' spending power and economic...

Criminal Justice Organizational Trends Paper

850 words - 3 pages Criminal Justice Organizational Trends PaperAntonio GaylerCJA/444August 21, 2014Edward...

criminal justice organizational trends paper

696 words - 3 pages Representation of Interests Matrix and PaperBy: Robert AlcocerPOL/433November 26, 2012Instructor: King E. CarterWithin Public Policy there are different interests that are affected once the issuehas been brought forward to the government by citizens who are sending e-mails, ortelephone calls advising of the issues...

The Justice System Essay

1343 words - 5 pages The Justice System Looking into criminal justice procedure, many administrations are at work. Starting with the police, to the courts and concluding in corrections. Though all these sectors have different tasks, their combined focus is processing the law. Regardless what the process is called criminal justice will continue to serve with discretion, conviction, and correction. When first presented with the question whether criminal justice is a...