Criminology Essay

801 words - 4 pages

Introduction
The use of open meetings with alcoholic anonymous has helped researchers to study the wide array of behaviors and societal norms in sociology including symbolic interaction, rules roles beliefs deviance, resocialization stratifications and research techniques in social psychology. The meetings also provide excellent case studies to compare and contrast different theories in sociology and other disciplines. It is for this course that a study was conducted by students in an alcoholic Anonymous meeting in a bid to identify the reasons why different people commit crime and to examine the experience in light of the theories and concepts discussed in this class.
The Meeting and Examination
The meeting was attended on a Tuesday evening at a popular joint in the city as organized by the university’s criminology department. The participants in the meeting were all males most of whom had prior jail experience their identity was however confidential and not subject to disclosure in line with the anonymity principle. Alphabetical letters shall be used in this report to represent the participant’s ideas.
The rational choice theory suggests that crime is committed by individuals in their self interest. The individuals weigh the options and decide whether to commit crime or not. In the meeting, person X admitted to this theory in his prior case of robbery with violence, he had committed the crime in a shopping mall after weighing the reward of the cash and consequences of being caught. The reward of cash was too promising that he decided to commit the crime.
Person Y was a middle aged man who had pending cases of ordinary theft cases. He lived in the surrounding city suburbs with low standards of living. Life was too miserable for him and the living conditions intolerable that he finally ended up vandalizing a workshop. His was case of the social disorganization theory. This theory suggests that a person’s physical and social surroundings form the groundwork for the behavioral choices that the person makes. In its general scope, a neighborhood that has poor and fraying social amenities would be expected to have higher crime rates. Such a society would be expected to have poor schools vandalized buildings high unemployment rates and a non-distinctive location of both commercial and residential property.
The strain theory is linked to the purchasing...

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