Criminology A Discussion Of Gender Criminology Essay

2128 words - 9 pages

‘Fear of crime’ – A Discussion on Gender
It is commonly held that the ‘fear of crime’ is gendered. I will explore what gender means, how it affects those in society, and equally, how the society around them reacts in return. The characteristics of both victim and perpetrator can slant the public’s opinion either way, with some women painted as innocent and others tarred as ‘they-had-it-coming’s. This essay highlights the consequences that can come from old-age stigmatisations of gender roles and how modernity is countering this with new movements and platforms.
In the vast majority of different societies, it is understood there are different roles for men and women; a man would be the ‘breadwinner’ who earns money to support the family while the woman would be a homemaker, make a comfortable space for the man to relax in after a hard day at work. This is what is known as a gender role; a particular idea or expectation of someone depending on their gender. Bronwyn Davies observed that children “learn to position themselves correctly as male or female, since that is what is required of them to have a recognisable identity,” (Davies, 2002), meaning that before a child has reached adolescence, their perspective on the world and, in turn, the world’s perspective of them may be dramatically different to someone of a differing identity. According to Davies, this socialisation comes from, usually, a specific care-giver as well as the media, friends, and those around them in their daily lives. This separates a child from understanding the world objectively; there will always be a slant on different aspects of their lives from the clothes they wear, how they sit, or otherwise interact with others. When the term ‘female’ comes to mind, it is usually accompanied by ‘feminine’ and other traditional aspects of being a woman. To understand how women fit into society, a huge part of their shaping comes from their first introduction to other humans; the family. To understand why there was a disconnect between men and women in certain occupations, such as science, technology, engineering, and mechanical, or STEM (Hackitt, 2017), a study was conducted to compare the childhood socialisation experiences and occupational attainment, finding that daughters and sons with more present fathers in their childhood were less likely and more likely, respectively, to go onto acquire gender-typed occupations. There was also a connection between sons and mothers with traditional values and attitudes regarding the role of women, sons were more likely to attain gender-typed jobs. (Lawson, et al., 2016)
Historically, women in western culture have primarily been second-class citizens, only achieving the right to vote in 1928 in the United Kingdom after infamous protests and resistance. Arthur Brittan and Mary Maynard theorise that masculinity has been used as a tool, an “ideology which gives men the ‘right’ to dominate women.” (Brittan & Maynard, 1984) A Edge Hill University student...

Find Another Essay On criminology - a discussion of gender - criminology - essay

Classical Theory of Criminology Essay

674 words - 3 pages not occur in practice; crime sentencing or punishing has a very minimal relationship to this standard. For instance, in the United States, drug traffickers receive a longer prison sentence than people guilty of manslaughter. Although Cesare Beccaria classical criminology theory was developed in a very long time ago, (1764) its principles are still being used in today’s world criminal justice systems (Akers & Sellers, 2012). His short essay has

Classical Theory of Criminology Essay

1669 words - 7 pages Criminology is the study of why individuals engage or commit crimes and the reasons as to why they behave in certain ways in different situations (Hagan, 2010). Through understanding the reasons or why an individual commits a crime, one can come up with ways to prevent and control crime or rehabilitate criminals. There exist a large number of criminology theories, some link crime to an individual or person; they believe a person weighs the cons

Criminology of Place

927 words - 4 pages Criminology of Place Hot spot policing is based on the idea that some criminal activities occur in particular areas of a city. According to researchers crime is not spread around the city instead is concentrated in small places where half of the criminal activities occur (Braga chapter 12). Also, many studies has demonstrated that hot spots do show significant positive results suggesting that when police officers put their attention on small

The American Society Of Criminology

1686 words - 7 pages The American Society Of Criminology “AHHHHhhhhh!” I let out a girlish scream and squirmed as shivers went strait up my spine. I was glued to the latest episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, a show that I have watched religiously since its debut. Criminology is something that has always fascinated me, and is a career that I hope to pursue in the future as an FBI agent. I frequently surf the web looking for short stories to read

The Positivist School of Criminology

1096 words - 4 pages The positivist school was created in the 1800's and was based on the principle that the only way to truly understand something in society was by looking at it from a scientific point of view (Adler, Mueller, and Laufer 2012). There were many people who contributed to the positivist school, however the person who first placed an emphasis on a scientific approach was Auguste Comte (Adler et al 2012). By approaching criminology in

Criminology: The Evolution of Crime

1496 words - 6 pages Criminology has evolved over history into becoming a discipline all its own, along the way it grew and developed from a multiple sources of disciplines to become an integration of various theories. Reasons that seek to explain crime and deviant behaviors has mirrored the time in which research was being conducted and as time continues to change it is to be expected more theories will arise to incorporate past theories to become ever more

What is the Purpose of Critical Criminology?

2011 words - 8 pages Critical criminology is a study of crime using a conflict perspective which considers the causes and contexts for crime, deviance and disorder; it has also been known as radical criminology and the new criminology. This perspective combines a wide range of concerns from across the more radical approaches, such as Marxism and feminism. It incorporates a wide number of ideas and political strands, generally associated with an oppositional position

Application of criminology theories to movies

2907 words - 12 pages The TrackerThe film also presents a critical question of which law is closest to a consensual perspective of justice: the fanatic or trackers?It reveals an Aboriginal perspective, which allows them to define and apply their own version of deviance onto white Australia with the colonial period.The film contains references to Positivism, Marxist criminology, Labelling theory, Republican Theory, Strain Theory, Classical Theory, New Right

The Pros and Cons of Criminology

642 words - 3 pages Criminology is the study of crime and criminals. In criminology, crime data is gathered in many different ways. All of these ways are part of the National Incident-Based Reporting system, which is a program that collects data on each respond crime incident (CITATION). There are Primary Sources of collecting crime data, and Secondary Sources of collecting crime data. Under the Primary Sources of collecting crime data are the National Crime

Critically evaluate the strengths and limitations of classical criminology for explaining Youth Crime in Melbourne - Essay

1547 words - 7 pages acting as a deterrence; the growing concerns regarding juvenile delinquency, and why it is on the rise. However, there are weaknesses and limitations to classical criminology that will be identified in this essay as well. Certain aspects of youth crime in Melbourne are better explained with other theories such as the labelling theory. Classical criminology theory consists of four main aspects. Firstly, classical criminologists believe that

Cultural Criminology: A New Perspective to Understanding Crime and Deviance

2602 words - 10 pages meaning of certain aspects of a subculture can play an active role in society and the construction of crime, not only by explaining why crime is committed, but also how crime is controlled. This essay will explain what cultural criminology is by using The 1989 Hillsborough disaster as an example in illustrating some of the research findings by cultural criminologists. There have been many different topic areas which have been examined and explored

Similar Essays

Criminology Assignment On The Idea Of Delinquency Criminology Essay

948 words - 4 pages 1 Anthony Gonzales Professor Herzog Criminology 120 19 November, 2017 Since the criminal in this situation happens to be a minor then the court doesn’t have the authority to prosecute her as an adult, which means more than likely, Susan will have a less severe sentence then her partner who was nineteen years old and tried as an adult. Due to how severe the case is, majority of judges when the situation is severe and the criminal is a juvenile

Aspects Of Criminology Essay

2054 words - 8 pages is a branch of radical criminology posits that crime is a real social problem experienced by the lower class. Fred Adler, Rita J. Simon, Kathleen Daly, Meda Chesney-Lind, and John Hagan were theorists involved with feminist criminology. Feminist criminology focuses on gender and how it may explain the conflict and inequality present in society. Peacemaking criminology states that in order for problems, such as crime, to be alleviated crime-control

Aspects Of Criminology Essay

1325 words - 6 pages in the field of criminology? The term criminologist is used to describe any individual who is employed in the criminal justice field regardless of formal training. (Schmalleger) These individuals study crime, criminals, and criminal behavior. Those responsible for collecting and examining physical evidence of crime are referred to as criminalists. Criminologists perform a variety of activities such as data gathering, data analysis, theory

The Study Of Criminology Essay

523 words - 2 pages criminologist may use the results of a case history to work out a theory about the development of criminal behavior.Most criminologists have university training in criminal justice, sociology, psychology, psychiatry. or related areas. Requirements vary for a career, but most criminologists have a master's or doctor's degree. Many of these experts conduct research and reach criminology at universities and colleges. Many social workers are employed in the