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Criminology Psychological Theories Essay

2002 words - 8 pages

Social Psychology is a field that attempts understated how thoughts, behavior and feelings are influenced by the implied presence, actual or imagined presence of others. Social influence involves the exercise of social power by a person or a group to change the altitudes or behaviour of others in a particular direction. Social power refers t o the “force available to the influencer to motivate change” (Allport, 1985).
Young people are more prone to social influence due to need for conformity with their peers. This makes many teenagers in United Kingdom to indulge in criminal and deviant behaviours, which is closely associated with drug use and gang crimes. We can therefore argue that some emotional, psychological and biological characteristics make youths to indulge in gang crimes.
It is hard to differentiate drug abuse and violence in United Kingdom or a cross the world at large. Adolescence drug use scares adults. The spectres of addiction, psychosis, alienation and rebellion provoke dramatic responses: legislations enact and create control agencies; social scientists conduct studies; and all these efforts are documented, evaluated and modified. In all these activities, however, the perspective of adolescents is neglected. They too, are concerned about dangers and are influenced by these controls, but their concerns are of different sorts.
They are the ones who choose which drugs, if any, to try, who decide which use patterns to settle on; who experience the effects of drug use is a part of the adolescent’s social world. In fact they sometimes report the uses, meaning and consequences of drug use. It is therefore challenging to attempt to prevent or intervene in such a use are based on assumptions about the meaning of drugs whose perspective are very different from adults.
It is therefore advisable to focus on adolescents’ perceptions of drug availability, effects and appropriate contexts for their use, and consequences of these perceptions for pattern of involvement which range from the abstention of the straights to the burnout’s heavy use of varied substances. Criminologists have argued that the main drive for crime is usually to obtain money for crime.
Gang violence is impulsive and emotional hence it comes in spurts. Its typically involves defence for gang members reputations. Spurts usually are not citywide but occur in specific neighbourhoods during period of intense competition over expansion or defence of territories. These territories are usually traditional gang turf or entrepreneurially drug market (Howell, 1997). Violence often takes the form of boundary disputes. The dangerous areas are along disputed boundaries where a drug hot spot intersects with a turf hot spot. There are also routes which members of rival groups travel in search of potential victims.
Gangs because of the violent nature of their vocation, gang members are heavily armed, dangerous and more violent than none members. It is not a surprise that most of...

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