Criminology Theories Essay

1466 words - 6 pages

Crime has become a major issue of public concern and of political discussion. We do not fully understand what factors are causing these crime trends, nor do we know what direction in which crime rates are moving. “Understanding what factors are influencing these crime trends are important for enhancing the rationality of public policies and public expenditures related to crime, particularly because many such commitments have to be made well in advance of their actual use” (Blumstein, 2008). These include, for example, recruiting and training police forces, building prisons, and developing other interventions outside the criminal justice system. It’s easy to see what the contributing factors are when the crime stats are elevated, those contributing factors are loss in job opportunities for young people with minimal education, a loss in social services as a result of federal funding cuts, reductions in the size of police forces, diversion of police attention to terrorism issues, slower growth in the prison population, and diminished attention to gun control (Blumstein, 2008). If we take a look at the crime statistics for the state of Arizona over the last five years from 2007 to 2012 you’ll notice that the population has slightly increased by 200,000 more people but the violent crimes have decreased. The statistics on murder show that in 2007 there were 548 murders and in 2012 there were only 358, this is a 35 percent decrease over the last 5 years. Since the population has increased slightly you would think that the violent crimes like murder would go up or at least stay the same.
Arizona especially the City of Phoenix has a lot of crime being committed due to the high population of illegal Immigrants that are coming from Mexico. Arizona border is mostly used by the Sinaloa cartel to transport their drugs and money to the United States; this is why the small towns like Nogales are ridden with crimes especially violent crimes. We also have a huge problem with illegal immigrants that are being smuggled the border in order for them to have a better life for them and their families. We have seen a decrease in the amount of illegal immigrant over the year which has led to the decrease in crimes; we are now down to about 340,000 immigrants apprehended in 2011.
If we take a look at social disorganization theory it’s defined as an inability of community members to achieve shared values or to solve jointly experienced problems. We have traced social disorganization to conditions endemic to the urban areas, these were the only places the lower class that were new to the area could afford to live, in particular, a high rate of turnover in the population and mixture of people from different cultural backgrounds. Classic social disorganization theory links crime rates to neighborhood characteristics and the impact that these neighborhood characteristics have on a neighborhoods ability to institute social control for the prevention of criminal...

Find Another Essay On Criminology Theories

"Walklate (1998: vi) suggests Feminism and Criminology may be contradictions in terms. To what extent do you agree with her?

1708 words - 7 pages little relevance in criminology, so why may feminism be needed? Feminism is important to help understand female offending. As has already been made apparent, previous criminological theories, due to their 'male bias', are not sufficient in explaining crime carried out by female offenders. Also previous discussions of female offending have been restricted within the boundaries of petty offences, such as shoplifting, due to the way women have been

A Critical Evaluation of The Issue of Taking an Item from Work

2290 words - 9 pages with social control theories, who similarly emphasis that human nature is built upon an individual’s, limitless needs and desire which occur naturally and they are only restrained by socialised morals and norms (Burke 2009). Similar to the principles of classical criminology, social control theorists believe that individuals are born free, to break the law and will only refrain from doing so in certain circumstances (Burke 2009), as when born

What is the Purpose of Critical Criminology?

2011 words - 8 pages criminals choose to break the law. They dismiss all theories which see human behaviour as directed by external forces. They see the individual turning to crime as 'the meaningful attempt by the actor to construct and develop own self-conception' (Haralambos et al, 1996).William Bonger has been put forward as a pre-decessor of critical criminology (Turk, 1969; Taylor et al., 1973). He was one of the first to research the relationship between

Classical Criminology Theory

639 words - 3 pages abuse of power by the state and it would also create more crime.Beccaria was considered the founder of the classical school of criminology. He emphasized human rationality and free will, preventing crime and deterrence of crime. The classical criminology theory was different from the other theories that were introduced to us because it focused on the reasons why people commit crimes not on the deviant behaviors themselves. Beccaria and his

Criminology: The Evolution of Crime

1496 words - 6 pages Criminology has evolved over history into becoming a discipline all its own, along the way it grew and developed from a multiple sources of disciplines to become an integration of various theories. Reasons that seek to explain crime and deviant behaviors has mirrored the time in which research was being conducted and as time continues to change it is to be expected more theories will arise to incorporate past theories to become ever more

The Positivist School of Criminology

1096 words - 4 pages Comte and Darwin, the positive school of thought was able to gain traction and in turn was able to help develop the field of criminology. After Comte and Darwin developed their theories about the world, they were followed by several criminologists who also believed that science could answer many of the problems that were present in society, particularly in the field of criminology. One of these men was Cesare Lombroso, who was the first to

Classical Theory of Criminology

1669 words - 7 pages Criminology is the study of why individuals engage or commit crimes and the reasons as to why they behave in certain ways in different situations (Hagan, 2010). Through understanding the reasons or why an individual commits a crime, one can come up with ways to prevent and control crime or rehabilitate criminals. There exist a large number of criminology theories, some link crime to an individual or person; they believe a person weighs the cons

Biological/psychological factors of crime

1205 words - 5 pages normality. They have included twin and adoption studies, which if nothing else, have identified a genetic component for convictions of crime (Einstadter & Henry, 1995, 94). Past implications of biological theories can help us to realize the possible consequences of our crime control efforts before we attempt to implement the same ideological based applications.References.Driver, E. (1972). Pioneers in Criminology (2nd Ed). (pp. 429-442).Montclair

Outline and evaluate what you take to be the achievements of feminist criminology

1922 words - 8 pages Criminology covers a whole multitude of approaches to the study of crime and deviance. Over the last 30 years feminist perspectives have challenged theories, concepts, and assumptions of much of the classical criminological work. They state that gender issues have been hidden in criminology. Feminists argue that men are the dominant group within society and have therefore constructed and enforced laws that disadvantage women. This essay will

As there has been much writing and discussion about crime, why has there been little success in its reduction?

2409 words - 10 pages shall demonstrate my argument with a discussion of post-World War II criminology and penology, and provide practical examples of how 'partial criminology' has lead to a failure in crime reduction [by 'partial criminology', I refer to criminological theories which have focused and relied too heavily on one particular aspect of crime, and have, as a result, failed to aid its reduction]. I shall then conclude this essay by

Feminist writers.

1257 words - 5 pages THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF FEMINIST RESEARCHQ1. Overall, what aspect of criminology has been 'exposed' by feminist writers?Feminist writers have managed to achieve many things and to also demonstrate that criminology is dominated by men in all areas. Practically all of the theories within criminology have relatively ignored women, only to see them predominately in the role of caregiver and mother rather than a prospective criminal. Women tended to be

Similar Essays

Application Of Criminology Theories To Movies

2907 words - 12 pages Criminology and Critical Criminology.The predominant theories throughout the film however are Biological Positivism and Marxist Criminology.The Europeans view Aboriginals as an inferior race, which would accord with Biological Positivism perspective. Biological Positivism posits that crime is not the choice of the offender. Moreover, it is a 'fault' in their biological nature, which causes them to commit crime . Positivists believe that behaviour is

Criminology Psychological Theories Essay

2002 words - 8 pages restored unless they retaliate. Retaliation can be in form of beating or shooting. Many theories have come up to explain reasons that lead to youth joining gangs and subsequent use of drugs. These theories are sociological, anthropological, biological and psychological perspectives. Those youths that are likely to join gang groups suffer from psychological and neuropsychological deficits, including low self concept, social responsibilities deficits

The American Society Of Criminology Essay

1686 words - 7 pages purpose is to educate, research, and study the various aspects of the science, and to transmit ideas and information of criminological development and theories into governmental practices. There are five divisions of the organization, the Division on Corrections and Sentencing, the Division of Critical Criminology, the Division of International Criminology, the Division of People of Color and Crime, and the Division of Women and Crime. Each

Aspects Of Criminology Essay

2054 words - 8 pages Criminology is defined as an interdisciplinary profession built around the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior including their forms, causes, legal aspects, and control. There are many aspects in the field of criminology. These aspects include the areas of research involved, the criminology schools of thought, theoretical developments and the people involved in creating and developing the theories. What role do criminologists play