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Crisis Between The Colonists And British Governmen

793 words - 3 pages

Why did relations between the American colonists and the British government reach crisis by 1770? In 1763, the end of the seven years war, Briton had defeated the French in Canada driving them back into Louisiana, Mississippi area. The 13 colonies seemed settled and secure, and they were more clearly divided than united, mainly because of religion and economic interests.The war with France had been expensive, and the British thought it necessary to keep an army in the America's incase of more trouble from Red-Indians or French Canadians. The colonies had not been taxed before, or at least in the sense of their money going straight to the British government, so parliament decided to introduce a stamp act on all legal documents, as we have in Briton today, this includes licences and newspapers etc. After all the troops that would be stationed there would be the colonists defence. They also enforced existing trade laws to gain revenue. But to the astonishment of the government there were riots and protests the stamp paper was burned. In New York representatives from nine of the colonies gather to complain about the tax, this was very unusual as the colonies never seemed to agree on anything even in war they said it was up to the individual colony to sort out the problem. They proclaimed 'No taxation without representation' which really is why parliament was set-up to stop the kind doing just that, but there were no colonial M.P's who represented the colonists in Westminster.But was it really a quarrel over money or did the colonists just not like getting ordered about from Briton, and were they just stirring up trouble? The government did not want to cause trouble so reluctantly they repealed the stamp act and reduced the custom duties, but Parliament declared it had total control over the whole of the British Empire. But in 1767 the government introduced new duties on lead, paint, glass, paper and tea. The colonists again didn't like this and in Massachusetts, Boston, angry mobs attacked soldiers one was knocked to the ground the others opened fire. It was named the Boston massacre even though only five people died. In 1770 the government gave way again and only kept the tax on tea, this was to help the East Indian Company, but tea in...

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