Crisis In Kosovo Essay

1189 words - 5 pages

Foundations in the Crisis in Yugoslavia For hundreds of years there has been conflicts in the area of Yugoslavia. The present day conflicts between the United Nations and Slobodan Milosevic and the Serbians has caused uproar throughout the world. Many innocent lives have been lost since the beginning of the present warfare, but there has been bad blood between the Serbians and the ethnic Albanians long before President Milosevic started pushing the Albanians out of their motherland. Yugoslavia is a federated country situated on the west central Balkan Peninsula. It is a union of two related states, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro. Serbia is landlocked, but Montenegro forms a bridge southwestward from southern Serbia to the Adriatic Sea. Serbs have been living in the territory of Kosovo and Metohija since the 6th century, yet they make up only one-tenth of the population. The areas in interest are the most undeveloped in Yugoslavia. For over two centuries the area of Yugoslavia were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. During the 15th and 16th centuries the Ottoman Empire was the most powerful empire in the world. Although sometimes called the Ottoman Nights by many people who were under the rule there was much advancement in society during this time. During the 17th century numerous revolts by armed groups of peasants and the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire led to many of the Serbs in the area to flee. The greatest of these revolts took place in 1690, when Serbs rose in support of an Austrian invasion. The Habsburg forces, unable to sustain their advance, retreated back across the Sava, leaving the native population seriously exposed to Turkish reprisals. In 1691 Archbishop Arsenate III Crnojevic of Pec led a migration of 30,000-40,000 families from "Old Serbia" and Southern Bosnia across the Danube.There they were settled at the Austrian Military Frontier. From the time of the great migration of 1691 also dates the gradual conversion of Kosovo-Metohija into a predominantly Albanian region, as Albanians filled the space left by the displaced Serbs. Since this time there has been ill feelings between the Ethnic Albanians and the Serbians. When war broke out between the Ottomans and an alliance of Russia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1787, the Austrian emperor called upon the Serbs to rise once more against the Turks, which they did with some success. Afterward, when two treaties were signed the rights of the Serbs were guaranteed, but these promises were never fulfilled and soon this area sank into a decline. The French Revolution and the Napoleonic era signaled the beginning of the transformation of the way of life throughout the Balkans. The wars of this period precipitated changes in diplomacy, and in their aftermath entirely new social and political processes began to change the way these people lived their lives. They remained overwhelmingly peasant societies, but the older aristocratic dynasties were...

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