This review is about the main points, gaps and critique of the article. The main information provided in this review will help you gain new insight on women HIV/AIDS prevention issues. As a society, we focus on individualist ways of prevention. We try to enforce and educate individuals on HIV/AIDS prevention on an individual level but it’s more complex because women have a lower status compared to men, this disempowerment can lead to violence in relationships with men therefore, negotiating condom use for women can lead to violence. The angle this review will be focusing on is how these gender roles affect women’s HIV sexual risk behaviours and behaviour reduction.
The article was organized very well because there were headings to help understand the content material. The structure of the article enabled me to understand the main points through repetition of important issues.
What you should notice throughout the article is that the author has a very strong view on the women’s side of HIV/AIDS prevention, she defends women and does not put them at fault in these situations, and this could make her seem like a feminist.
Article Summary (6 points):
The main reason why this article was written was because there was a lack of attention on risk behaviours regarding women’s HIV prevention in the US. Since women have not been paid attention to, they are more susceptible then men in contracting HIV/AIDS. We need to design a risk reduction program that pays more attention to women.
The author mentions a few key take away main points. First of all, solutions must address the underlying causes of HIV risk among women. This mainly includes poverty and disempowerment because women in lower living standards tend to be treated poorly by men since they are not seen as equals in society. Secondly, changing attitudes and behaviours of men will be an important issue to address because this concerns condom use against protection of HIV/AIDS. In order for this to be work, there must be social change in the cultures on beliefs and attitudes of men. Lastly, we need to understand that HIV/AID affects men and women differently; women are more susceptible physically and emotionally. Men can transmit the virus to females easier then vice versa. Since men usually have higher power than women, they are more likely to decide on condom use.
There are still gaps in HIV/AIDS prevention. Firstly, just recently the female condom has been put into place to give women the power in controlling their sexuality but this is not the social norm compared to the male condom, thus creating many problems still. The female condom is not as widely accepted therefore it still creates barriers (e.g. accessibility) for many women using it. Secondly, most researchers did not provide a theoretical framework for understanding gender differences or the social factors that could be important for risk reduction of HIV/AIDS in women.